Journal of Earth System Science

, Volume 115, Issue 3, pp 349–362 | Cite as

Global surface temperature in relation to northeast monsoon rainfall over Tamil Nadu

  • S. Balachandran
  • R. Asokan
  • S. Sridharan


The local and teleconnective association between Northeast Monsoon Rainfall (NEMR) over Tamil Nadu and global Surface Temperature Anomalies (STA) is examined using the monthly gridded STA data for the period 1901–2004. Various geographical regions which have significant teleconnective signals associated with NEMR are identified. During excess (deficient) NEMR years, it is observed that the meridional gradient in surface air temperature anomalies between Europe and north Africa, in the month of September is directed from the subtropics (higher latitudes) to higher latitudes (subtropics). It is also observed that North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) during September influences the surface air temperature distribution over north Africa and Europe. Also, the NAO index in January shows significant inverse relationship with NEMR since recent times. The central and eastern equatorial Pacific oceanic regions have significant and consistent positive correlation with NEMR while the western equatorial region has significant negative correlation with NEMR. A zonal temperature anomaly gradient index (ZTAGI) defined between eastern equatorial Pacific and western equatorial Pacific shows stable significant inverse relationship with NEMR


Global surface temperature anomaly northeast monsoon rainfall teleconnection north Atlantic oscillation 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Balachandran
    • 1
  • R. Asokan
    • 1
  • S. Sridharan
    • 1
  1. 1.Regional Meteorological CentreChennaiIndia

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