Journal of Earth System Science

, Volume 114, Issue 5, pp 523–531 | Cite as

Normalized impedance function and the straightforward inversion scheme for magnetotelluric data

  • Sri Niwas
  • P. K. Gupta
  • V. K. Gaur


This paper investigates the performance of normalized response function obtained by normalizing the Cagniard impedance function by a suitable factor and then rotating the phase by 45‡ to make it purely real for homogeneous half-space and equal to the square root of the half-space resistivity. Two apparent resistivity functions based on respectively the real and imaginary parts of this response function are proposed. The apparent resistivity function using the real part contains almost the same information as that yielded by the Cagniard expression while the one using the imaginary part qualitatively works as an indicator of the number of interfaces in the earth model. The linear straightforward inversion scheme (SIS), developed by the authors employing the concept of equal penetration layers, has been used to validate the proposed apparent resistivity functions. For this purpose, several synthetic and field models have been examined. Five synthetic models are studied to establish the veracity of the new functions and two well-studied published field data sets are inverted through SIS for comparison. We noticed that the new function and SIS compliment each other and lead to better understanding of the data information and model resolution.


Straightforward inversion magnetotelluric apparent resistivity 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sri Niwas
    • 1
  • P. K. Gupta
    • 1
  • V. K. Gaur
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeUAIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of AstrophysicsBangaloreIndia

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