, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 41–44 | Cite as

Experiments for first year engineering students using tin-bismuth alloys

  • Mark A. Palmer
  • Kurt Wainwright
  • Lung C. Fok
  • Benjamin Jones
Feature Education


Introductory courses, whether at the freshman or junior level, are frequently based on the paradigm that processing affects structure, which affects properties, which, in turn, determine performance, and is the basis for design. Once this is understood by the students, it is possible to have them make design decisions based on experimental data and have them identify alternative materials using the paradigm. This paper describes a series of experiments and demonstrations that can be incorporated into an introductory materials course to help students appreciate how processing changes structure, which leads to a change in properties.


Bismuth Homework Assignment Solder Paste Engineer Student Introductory Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M.A. Palmer et al., “Experiments for First Year Engineering Students Using Sn-Bi Alloys,”National Educators Workshop 2001 Conference Proceedings.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.B. Hudson and M.A. Palmer, “Interactive Learning in a Multidisciplinary First-Year Course,”ASEE Educational Research and Methods Division 1996 Conference Proceedings.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Baker,ASM Handbook—Volume 3: Alloy Phase Diagrams (Materials Park, OH: ASM Int., 1992).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.A. Palmer, C.N. Alexander, and B. Nguyen, “Forming Solder Joints by Sintering Eutectic Tin-Lead Solder Paste,”J. Electronic Materials, 29 (7) (1999), pp. 922–925.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.A. Palmer, N. Erdman, and D. McCall, “Sintering of High Temperature Solder Materials,”J. Electronic Materials, 29 (11) (1999), pp. 1189–1193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.A. Palmer et al., “Using the Internet in a Freshman Engineering Course,”J. Materials Education, 18 (1996), p. 35.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark A. Palmer
    • 1
    • 3
  • Kurt Wainwright
    • 2
  • Lung C. Fok
    • 2
  • Benjamin Jones
    • 2
  1. 1.Manufacturing engineeringKettering UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityUSA
  3. 3.Manufacturing Engineering DepartmentKettering UniversityFlint

Personalised recommendations