, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 28–31 | Cite as

Current density limitation and diffusion boundary layer calculation using CFD method

  • A. Filzwieser
  • K. Hein
  • G. Mori
Research Summary Copper Electrodeposition


The knowledge of limiting current density and thickness of diffusion boundary layer is particularly important in improving space-time-yield of electrolysis and especially of high current-density electrolysis. Both natural and forced convection of electrolyte flow are considered in the presented computational fluid dynamics model for calculation of these values. Natural convection is modeled by implementation of a source term at the cathode surface for copper concentration according to Faraday’s law, which allows calculation of electrolyte density for each volume cell of the grid. Forced convection is considered as flow of electrolyte through the cell generated by electrolyte inlet and outlet. By variation of current density, the limiting current density can be calculated with a copperion concentration of zero at the cathode surface after reaching the steady-state conditions in electrolyte. Time dependency of diffusion boundary layer thickness is shown for a chosen cell geometry. Literature data and measured and calculated values of both quantities are in good agreement.


Natural Convection Copper Concentration Force Convection Cathode Surface Diffusion Boundary Layer 
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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Filzwieser
    • 1
  • K. Hein
    • 2
  • G. Mori
    • 3
  1. 1.RHI AGViennaAustria
  2. 2.Technical University FreibergUniversity of LeobenFreibergGermany
  3. 3.University of LeobenFreibergGermany

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