The bidirectional long-wave model introduced by Wu (1994) and Yih & Wu (1995) is applied to evaluate interactions between multiple solitary waves progressing in both directions in a uniform channel of rectangular cross-section and undergoing collisions of two classes, one being head-on and the other overtaking collisions between these solitons. For a binary head-on collision, the two interacting solitary waves are shown to merge during a phase-locking period from which they reemerge separated, each asymptotically recovering its own initial identity while both being retarded in phase from their original pathlines. For a binary overtaking collision between a soliton of height α1 overtaking a weaker one of height α1, the two solition peaks are shown to either pass through each other or remain separated throughout the encounter according as α1/α2 or <3, respectively. With no phase locking during the overtaking, the two solitary waves re-emerge afterwards with their initial forms recovered and with the stronger wave being advanced whereas the weaker one retarded in phase from their original pathlines. By extension, the theory is generalized to apply to uniform channels of arbitrary cross-sectional shape.
Yih C.-S. General solution for interaction of solitary waves including head-on collisions.Acta Mech Sinica, 1993, 9(2): 97–101zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boussinesq J. Theorie des ondes et des remous qui se propagent le long d'un canal rectangulaire horizontal, en communiquant au liquide contenu dans ce canal des vitesses sensiblement pareilles de la surface au fond.J Math Pures Appl Ser 2, 1872, 17: 55–108zbMATHGoogle Scholar