Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 105–109 | Cite as

International system of radiographic grading of vesicoureteric reflux

  • R. L. Lebowitz
  • H. Olbing
  • K. V. Parkkulainen
  • J. M. Smellie
  • T. E. Tamminen-Möbius


The classification of grading of vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) agreed to by the participants in the International Reflux Study in Children is described. It combines two earlier classifications and is based upon the extent of filling and dilatation by VUR of the ureter, the renal pelvis and the calyces. A standardised technique of voiding cystography is also described to ensure comparability of results.


Public Health Standardise Technique Renal Pelvis International System Vesicoureteric Reflux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. L. Lebowitz
    • 1
  • H. Olbing
    • 1
  • K. V. Parkkulainen
    • 1
  • J. M. Smellie
    • 1
  • T. E. Tamminen-Möbius
    • 1
  1. 1.Coordinating CenterUniversity Clinic, Childrens' HospitalEssenFRG

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