Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 317–319 | Cite as

Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus in the newborn

  • J. P. Dubos
  • M. C. Bouchez
  • N. Kacet
  • A. Liesse
  • P. Lequien
  • J. Remy
Short Reports


Two cases of neonatal spontaneous rupture of the esophagus are described, one of which is associated with a duodenal stenosis. Seventeen cases have been reported. They present clinically with non-specific signs of respiratory insufficiency and radiologically by a right-sided hydropneumothorax. Esophageal opacification shows a leak above the diaphragm. A sudden increase in esophageal pressure at birth is considered to be a major etiologic factor leading to rupture. The presence of a duodenal obstruction support this hypothesis.

Key words

Esophageal rupture Hydropneumothorax Newborn 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Dubos
    • 2
  • M. C. Bouchez
    • 2
  • N. Kacet
    • 2
  • A. Liesse
    • 1
  • P. Lequien
    • 2
  • J. Remy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyHôpital CalmetteLilleFrance
  2. 2.Service de pédiatrie néonataleHôpital CalmetteLilleFrance

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