Advertisement

Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 275–277 | Cite as

Radiation hazards in a paediatric intensive care unit

  • A. Werner
  • J. M. Isdale
Originals

Abstract

Radiation doses received by premature babies X-rayed in an ICU were measured. The average dose for a single exposure was 12 mrad to the sternum, 10 mrad to the neck and 2–2.2 mrad to the gonads. The average number of X-ray exposures was 26.9 with 2 children being in the 100 > range. Radiation hazards due to a maximum possible dose of 1 rad are discussed. The present series is compared with similar population groups exposed to low dose radiation. The possibility of an increased incidence of leukemia and thyroid carcinoma is considered.

Keywords

Public Health Radiation Carcinoma Intensive Care Unit Leukemia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Stewart AM, Kneale GW (1970) Radiation dose effects in relation to obstetric X-rays and childhood cancers. Lancet I: 1185Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hempelmann LH, Hall WJ, Phillips M (1975) Neoplasms in persons treated with X-ray in infancy: Fourth survey in 20 years. J Natl Cancer Inst 55: 519PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Conard RA, et al (1975) A twenty year review of Medical findings in a Marshallese population accidentally exposed to radioactive fallout. Upton NY, Brookhaven National LaboratoryGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Werner A, Modan B, Davidoff D (1968) Doses to brain, skull and thyroid, following X-ray therapy for Tinea capitis. Phys Med Biol 13: 247CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Modan B, Ron E, Werner A (1977) Thyroid cancer following scalp irradiation. Radiology 123: 741PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Robinson A, Dellagrammaticas HD (1983) Radiation doses to neonates requiring intensive care. Br J Radiol 56: 397PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Werner
    • 1
    • 3
  • J. M. Isdale
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medical PhysicsM. Med. Rad. (D), University of W. W. R.JohannesburgRepublic of South Africa
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Johannesburg HospitalM. Med. Rad. (D), University of W. W. R.JohannesburgRepublic of South Africa
  3. 3.Oncology DepartmentChaim Sheba Medical CenterTel-HashomerIsrael

Personalised recommendations