Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 6–10 | Cite as

Total intravenous hyperalimentation (TIH) complications in childhood: a radiological survey

  • F. Bellini
  • G. Beluffi
  • N. Principi


Sixty consecutive patients, except for one 7-year-old patient, their ages varying from 1 day to 12 months received total intravenous hyperalimentation (TIH). It was possible to observe non-pathological catheter malpositions and, in 14 patients, other complications. The most serious complications observed included the following: thrombus and pericatheter thrombus calcification; superior vena cava thrombotic occlusion; hydrothorax; mediastinal effusion; generalized septic arthritis; venous transfixion with flooding of the soft tissues of the neck; vein wall lesions; collateral vertebral circulation; and a catheter tip blocked in vein. A brief comment is given on the use of this procedure and what may happen.

Key words

Total intravenous hyperalimentation (TIH) Complications of TIH thrombus Catheter calcification Superior vena cava occlusion Hydrothorax Mediastinal effusion Vein transfixion, vein wall lesions Septic arthritis 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Bellini
    • 1
  • G. Beluffi
    • 1
  • N. Principi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Milan, Instituti Clinici di PerfezionamentoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric ClinicsUniversity of Milan, Instituti Clinici di PerfezionamentoMilanItaly

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