Effect of water table depth and tillage methods on plant-water status and yield of rice

Summary

Effects of water table depths on plant-water status, and on growth and yields of two rice varieties (TOS 78 and TOS 848) were studied in a lysimetric investigation. A field study was also conducted on a hydromorphic soil to investigate the effects of fluctuating water table on rice. The leaf-water potential of TOS 78 monitored at 1300 hours at 50% flowering stage was −17.5 and −23.0 bars for 0 and 60 cm water table depths, respectively. When grown under soil moisture stress, TOS 848 maintained higher leaf-water potential (−17.5 barvs −22.5 bar) and yielded more than TOS 78. Under hydromorphic soil conditions, no-tillage treatments yielded the same as conventionally tilled plots.

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Maurya, P.R., Lal, R. Effect of water table depth and tillage methods on plant-water status and yield of rice. Plant Soil 59, 17–22 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02183588

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Key Words

  • Drainage
  • Drought tolerance
  • Evapotranspiration
  • Leaf-water potential
  • Lysimeter
  • Rice
  • Root development
  • Soil-moisture regime
  • Transpiration
  • Varietal response