# Gravity, energy conservation, and parameter values in collapse models

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## Abstract

*We interpret the probability rule of the CSL collapse theory to mean to mean that the scalar field which causes collapse is the gravitational curvature scalar with two sources, the expectation value of the mass density (smeared over the GRW scale a) and a white noise fluctuating source. We examine two models of the fluctuating source, monopole fluctuations and dipole fluctuations, and show that these correspond to two well-known CSL models. We relate the two GRW parameters of CSL to fundamental constants, and we explain the energy increase of particles due to collapse as arising from the loss of vacuum gravitational energy*.

## Keywords

White Noise Scalar Field Energy Conservation Mass Density Curvature Scalar
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## References and remarks

- 1.This prescription is crude because it is based upon the undefined notion of measurement by an apparatus to determine which events can occur and upon the imprecise statement “after the measurement is completed” to indicate when the event and its accompanying collapse take place (note that the Born rule gives, not an
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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996