Marine Biology

, Volume 111, Issue 1, pp 33–35 | Cite as

Egg buoyancy of Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) and its implications for cod stock fluctuations in the Baltic

  • A. Nissling
  • L. Westin


Successful spawning of Baltic cod (Gadus morhua L.) is restricted to the deep basins of the Baltic Sea and is dependent on abiotic conditions such as salinity and water oxygen content. Due to irregular inflows of saline water from the North Sea, the conditions for spawning fluctuate and consequently so does the cod stock. In May and June 1990 eggs were obtained from spawning cod caught off northern Gotland, Sweden. Our investigation revealed neutral egg buoyancy for Baltic cod at a salinity of 14.4±1.1 ppt, with a slight decrease some days before hatching. Today salinities of this magnitude occur only in the Bornholm basin, whereas in the Gdansk and Gotland basins the eggs sink toward the bottom and are exposed to lethal oxygen conditions.


Oxygen Oxygen Content Saline Water Oxygen Condition Gadus Morhua 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Nissling
    • 1
  • L. Westin
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Systems Ecology, Section GotlandUniversity of StockholmStockholmSweden

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