Sources of resistance to ascochyta blight in wild Cicer species

Abstract

Ascochyta blight [Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Lab.] is the major foliar disease of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). In search of better sources of resistance to ascochyta blight, 201 accessions of 8 annual wildCicer species were evaluated in field and greenhouse for 3 years (1988 to 1991) at Tel Hadya, Syria. One accession each ofC. judaicum Boiss (ILWC 165) andC. pinnatifidum Jaub. & Spach. (ILWC 159) were consistently rated resistant in both field and greenhouse evaluations. Another three accessions ofC. judaicum (ILWC 61, ILWC 154, ILWC 199) and six accessions ofC. pinnatifidum (ILWC 78, ILWC 88, ILWC 155, ILWC 160, ILWC 162, ILWC 203) were resistant or moderately resistant. The blight-resistant accessions ofC. judaicum originated from Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey; and those ofC. pinnatifidum from Syria and Turkey. None of the accessions ofC. bijugum, C. chorassanicum, C. cuneatum, C. echinospermum, C. reticulatum andC. yamashitae were resistant to blight.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Ladizinsky, G., Pickergill, B. & Yamamoto, K., 1988. Exploitation of wild relatives of the food legumes. In: Summerfield, R.J. (Ed.), World crops: Cool season food legumes. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Nene, Y.L. & Haware, M.P., 1980. Screening chickpea for resistance to wilt. Plant Disease 64: 379–380.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Nene, Y.L. & Reddy, M.V., 1987. Chickpea diseases and their control. In: Saxena, M.C. & Singh, K.B. (Eds), The chickpea. CAB International, Wallingford. p. 233–270.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Reddy, M.V. & Kabbabeh, S., 1984. Pathogen variability inAscochyta rabiei inSyria and Lebanon. Phytopathology mediterranea 24: 265–266.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Reddy, M.V. & Singh, K.B., 1984. Evaluation of world collection of chickpea germplasm accessions for resistance to Ascochyta blight. Plant Disease 68:900–901.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Singh, G., Kapoor, S. & Singh, K., 1982. Screening chickpea for gray mold resistance. International Chickpea Newsletter 7: 13–14.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Singh, K.B., 1987. Chickpea breeding. In: Saxena, M.C. & Singh, K.B. (Eds), The chickpea. CAB International, Wallingford. p. 127–162.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Singh, K.B. & Reddy, M.V., 1991. Advances in disease resistance breeding in chickpea. Advances in Agronomy 45: 191–222.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Singh, K.B. & Reddy, M.V., 1993. Resistance to six races ofAscochyta rabici in the world germplasm collection of chickpea. Crop Science 33: 186–189.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Singh, K.B., Holly, L. & Bejiga, G., 1991. A catalog of Kabuli chickpea germplasm: An evaluation report of winter-sown Kabuli chickpea land races, breeding lines and wildCicer species. ICARDA, P.O. Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria. 398 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Pundir, R.P.S., 1984. Availability and use of wildCicer germplasm. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter 57: 19–24.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Singh, K.B., Reddy, M.V. Sources of resistance to ascochyta blight in wild Cicer species. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology 99, 163–167 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01974268

Download citation

Additional keywords

  • Cicer
  • Ascochyta rabiei
  • Cicer arietinum
  • resistance