Pharmaceutisch Weekblad

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 161–166 | Cite as

Putative therapeutic applications of calmodulin antagonists

  • Raimund Mannhold
  • Hendrik Timmerman


Calmodulin is the most important intracellular receptor protein for the second messenger calcium. The calcium-calmodulin complex regulates a number of physiological processes. An increasing number of pharmaceutical products is reported to interfere with the calcium-calmodulin complex. Despite the fact that the precise mechanisms of action of these so-called calmodulin antagonists await further clarification, reports accumulate in the literature indicating a broadening spectrum of putative therapeutic applications of calmodulin antagonists. Some of these applications, such as in cell proliferation, hypertension, congestive heart failure, arrhythmia and gastro-intestinal disorders, are discussed in the present review.


Arrhythmia Calcium Calmodulin/antagonists & inhibitors Cardiomyopathy, congestive Drug therapy Gastrointestinal diseases Hypertension Neoplasms 


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Copyright information

© Royal Dutch Association for Advancement of Pharmacy 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raimund Mannhold
    • 1
  • Hendrik Timmerman
    • 2
  1. 1.Molecular Drug Research Group, Biomedical Research CentreHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorf 1FRG
  2. 2.Department of PharmacochemistryFree UniversityHV Amsterdamthe Netherlands

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