Foundations of Physics

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 1213–1232 | Cite as

The zitterbewegung interpretation of quantum mechanics

  • David Hestenes
Part I. Invited Papers Dedicated To John Stewart Bell


Thezitterbewegung is a local circulatory motion of the electron presumed to be the basis of the electron spin and magnetic moment. A reformulation of the Dirac theory shows that thezitterbewegung need not be attributed to interference between positive and negative energy states as originally proposed by Schroedinger. Rather, it provides a physical interpretation for the complex phase factor in the Dirac wave function generally. Moreover, it extends to a coherent physical interpretation of the entire Dirac theory, and it implies azitterbewegung interpretation for the Schroedinger theory as well.


Wave Function Quantum Mechanic Energy State Electron Spin Physical Interpretation 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Hestenes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsArizona State UniversityTempe

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