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, Volume 28, Issue 1–3, pp 235–268 | Cite as

Blow-up of solutions of nonlinear wave equations in three space dimensions

  • Fritz John


Let u(x,t) be a solution, □ u≧A|u|p for x∈IR3, t≧0 where □ is the d'Alembertian, and A, p are constants with A>0, 1<p<1+√2. It is shown that the support of u is contained in the cone 0≦t≦t0−|x−x0|, if the “initial data” u(x,0), ut(x,0) have their support in the ball |x−x0|≦t0. In particular “global solutions” of u=A|u|p with initial data of compact support vanish identically. On the other hand for A>0, p>1+√2 global solutions of □u=A|u|p exist, if the initial data are of compact support and ∥u∥ is “sufficiently small” in a suitable norm. For p=2 the time at which u becomes infinite is of order ∥u∥−2.


Initial Data Wave Equation Number Theory Compact Support Algebraic Geometry 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fritz John
    • 1
  1. 1.Courant Institute of Mathematical SciencesNew YorkUSA

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