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Communications in Mathematical Physics

, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 330–336 | Cite as

Spontaneous breakdown of symmetries and zero-mass states

  • H. Ezawa
  • J. A. Swieca
Article

Abstract

In a relativistic field theory Goldstone's theorem is proved without any assumption about the existence of covariant fields and for arbitrary expectation values.

Keywords

Neural Network Statistical Physic Field Theory Complex System Nonlinear Dynamics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Ezawa
    • 1
    • 3
  • J. A. Swieca
    • 2
  1. 1.II. Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsGakushuin UniversityTokyoJapan

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