Analogues of taurine as inhibitors of the phosphorylation of an ≈20K molecular weight protein present in a mitochondrial fraction of the rat retina
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It has been previously demonstrated that taurine inhibits the phosphorylation of an ≈20K apparent molecular weight protein present in the mitochondrial fraction of the rat retina (Lombardini, 1991). In the present studies, various analogues of taurine were tested for their inhibitory activity on the phosphorylation of this ≈20K protein. The most potent analogues were (±)trans-2-aminocyclopentanesulfonic acid (TAPS) and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline-8-sulfonic acid (THQS) which were approximately 21 and 7 times more potent than the parent compound, taurine. Median-effect plots were used to calculate the inhibitory median effect and combination index values for the combined effects of taurine and taurine analogues. From these studies, it was determined that the inhibitory taurine analogues were antagonistic to taurine when used in combination with taurine to inhibit the phosphorylation of the ≈20K apparent molecular weight protein. It was also concluded that: 1) the distance between the nitrogen and sulfur atoms in the taurine structure was important for inhibitory activity; 2) if the nitrogen atom is either within or attached to an unsaturated ring structure the inhibitory potency was significantly decreased, and 3) if both the sulfur and nitrogen atoms are present within the ring structure the analogue has no activity.
KeywordsAmino acids Taurine Taurine analogues Protein phosphorylation Rat retina
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