Marine Biology

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 151–155 | Cite as

Growth pattern andβ-dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP) content of green macroalgae at different irradiances

  • U. Karsten
  • C. Wiencke
  • G. O. Kirst


Growth rates and intracellularβ-dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP) concentrations of five green algal species collected from different geographic regions in 1986 and 1989 were determined under four photon flux rates. InUlothrix implexa, U. subflaccida andAcrosiphonia arcta from Antarctica, growth was light-saturated at lower irradiances than in temperateUlva rigida from Southern Chile andBlidingia minima from Germany. The DMSP content ofUlothrix implexa, A. arcta andUlva rigida was directly correlated with the light factor: with increasing irradiance, algal DMSP level increased. In contrast, inUlothrix subflaccida andB. minima DMSP concentrations gradually decreased up to a photon flux rate of 30µmol m−2 s−1, then increased markedly under the highest photon flux rate tested. In non-growing, dark-incubatedA. arcta DMSP content was reduced by 35%, while the DMSP pool of all other species remained unchanged, at the level of pre-culture conditions. Under full darkness all plants exhibited a significantly higher DMSP concentration compared with algae grown at low photon flux rates of 2 to 30µmol m−2 s−1. These data show a correlation between growth pattern and DMSP biosynthesis, and may point to a species-specific minimum amount of light energy necessary for DMSP accumulation.


Growth Pattern Macroalgae Algal Species Lower Irradiance High Photon 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Karsten
    • 1
  • C. Wiencke
    • 2
  • G. O. Kirst
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine BotanyUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.Alfred Wegener Institute of Polar and Marine ResearchBremerhavenGermany

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