Marine Biology

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 119–128 | Cite as

Complete carbon and nitrogen budgets for the hydromedusaCladonema californicum (Anthomedusa: Cladonemidae)

  • J. Costello


Complete carbon and nitrogen budgets were constructed for a single cohort of the hydromedusaCladonema californicum Hyman, 1947, collected in 1984 from Santa Catalina Island, California, USA. The budgets accounted for 62 to 84% (average = 74%) of ingested C and 60 to 108% (average = 84%) of ingested N. During most of the medusan life cycle, expenditures for growth exceeded those for metabolism and dissolved organic release (DOR). The gross growth efficiency was lower for C than for N; different conversion rates of C and N are discussed in terms of C:N ratios and budget balances for predator and prey. Growth rates, egg production, and C and N composition ofC. californicum were quite different from those of neritic ctenophores, indicating that gelatinous predators may be a physiologically diverse group.


Nitrogen Growth Rate Life Cycle Conversion Rate Diverse Group 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Costello
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological ScienceUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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