Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 83–89 | Cite as

Breeding and moulting of barnacles under rearing conditions

  • M. M. El-Komi
  • T. Kajihara
Article

Abstract

The reproductive parameters of three species of barnacles common in warm-water regions,Balanus amphitrite Darwin,B. eburneus Gould andB. trigonus Darwin, cultured singly or in pairs for 2 1/2 yr, were compared. All specimens, collected from Tokyo Bay and studied between 1985 and 1987, were fed on newly hatchedArtemia sp. larvae (‘Tetra’ strain) and phytoplankton culture and were maintained under constant temperature (20°C) and controlled photoperiods (10 h light:14 h dark). The breeding frequencies of these three species were equally high, from 2 to 4 broods mo−1 in the first year; they were relatively high between October and February, averaging 3 broods mo−1.B. amphitrite, B. eburneus andB. trigonus produced 24, 21 and 11 broods yr−1, respectively. Brood size was quite variable among the three species examined, yielding 4000 embryos brood−1 inB. amphitrite andB. eburneus and 6000 inB. trigonus. Brood interval averaged 4 to 9 d. The moult occurred over short intervals of 4 to 10 d moult−1. Both breeding and moulting frequencies were influenced by low temperature and starvation. Self-fertilization was observed in all species and was more frequent inB. amphitrite than inB. eburneus andB. trigonus. Nutritional condition and temperature seemed to be the main external factors regulating both breeding and moulting processes in barnacles.

Keywords

Phytoplankton Nutritional Condition Constant Temperature External Factor Short Interval 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Barnes, H., Crisp, D. J. (1956). Evidence of self-fertilization in certain species of barnacles. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K 35: 631–639Google Scholar
  2. Crisp, D. J., Davies, P. A. (1955). Observations in vivo on the breeding ofElminius modestus grown on glass slides. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 34: 357–380Google Scholar
  3. Crisp, D. J., Patel, B. (1958). Relation between breeding and ecdysis in cirripedes. Nature, Lond. 181: 1078–1079Google Scholar
  4. Crisp, D. J., Patel, B. (1961). The interaction between breeding and growth rate in the barnacleElminius modestus Darwin. Limnol. Oceanogr. 6:105–115Google Scholar
  5. Crisp, D. J., Patel, B. (1969). Environmental control of the breeding of three boreo-arctic cirripedes. Mar. Biol. 2: 283–305Google Scholar
  6. El-Komi, M. M. (1988). Studies on the reproductive biology of common barnacles. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
  7. Fyhn, U. E. H., Costlow, J. D. (1977). Histology and histochemistry of the ovary and oogenesis inBalanus amphitrite Darwin andB. eburneus Gould (Cirripedia, Crustacea). Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 152: 351–359Google Scholar
  8. Giese, A. C., Pearse, J. S. (1974). Reproduction of marine invertebrates, Vol. 1. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Guillard, R. R. L. (1975). Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates. In: Smith, W. L., Chanley, M. H. (eds.) Culture of marine invertebrate animals. Plenum Press, New York, p. 29–60Google Scholar
  10. Hines, A. H. (1978). Reproduction in three species of intertidal barnacles from central California. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 154: 262–281Google Scholar
  11. Hines, A. H. (1979). The comparative reproductive ecology of three species of intertidal barnacles. In: Stancky, S. E. (ed.) Reproductive ecology of marine invertebrates. Publ. Belle W. Baruch Inst. Mar. Biol. Coast. Res., Univ. South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina, p. 213–234Google Scholar
  12. Hurley, A. C. (1973). Fecundity of the acorn barnacleBalanus pacificus Pilsbry: a fugitive species. Limnol. Oceanogr. 18: 386–393Google Scholar
  13. Hutchins, L. W. (1952). Geographical distribution. In: Marine fouling and its prevention. U.S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, Maryland, p. 91–101Google Scholar
  14. Iwaki, T. (1981). Reproductive ecology of some common species of barnacles in Japan. Mar. Foul. 3: 61–69Google Scholar
  15. Kato, R. (1982). Ecological and taxonomical studies on the free-living nauplii of barnacles (Crustacea, Cirripedia). Ph.D. dissertation, University of Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
  16. Newman, W. A., Abbott, D. P. (1980). Cirripedia: the barnacles. In: Morris, R. D., Abbott, D. P., Handerlie, E. C. (eds.) Intertidal invertebrates of California. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, p. 504–535Google Scholar
  17. Patel, B., Crisp, D. J. (1960a). Rates of development of the embryos of several species of barnacles. Physiol. Zool. 33: 104–119Google Scholar
  18. Patel, B., Crisp, D. J. (1960b). The influence of temperature on the breeding and moulting activities of operculate barnacles. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 39: 667–680Google Scholar
  19. Patel, B., Crisp, D. J. (1961). Relation between the breeding and moulting cycles in cirripedes. Crustaceana 2: 89–107Google Scholar
  20. Paul, M. D. (1942). Studies on the growth and breeding of certain sedentary organisms in Madras Harbour. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Sect. B) 15: 1–14Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. El-Komi
    • 1
  • T. Kajihara
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute of Oceanography and FisheriesKayet-Bey, Al-Anfushy, AlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Environmental Biology Research Center Co. Ltd.TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations