Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 245–262 | Cite as

Hypermedia authoring tools based on OLE technology

  • Joaquim Sousa Pinto
  • Joaquim Arnaldo Martins
  • H. W. J. Borst Pauwels
  • Beatriz Sousa Santos


This paper report on recent and on going work related to the design of a set of hypermedia authoring tools intended to produce courseware, to be used for self learning or distance learning and training environments in a cooperative way. These tools have roots in a standalone hypermedia editor developed to create courseware, to which were added other tools to enhance its usability, namely a hypermedia player to view courseware in self study mode, and a hypermedia browser to create, to navigate and to display graphically the hypermedia document structure. The underlying metaphors are the overhead projector, the transparency and the layer. This system was developed for the MS-Windows environment, supporting OLE technology. We discuss the impact that such technology might have on the “look and feel” of hypermedia learning material and we describe the implementation of a Hypermedia Editor, Browser and Player tools.

Part of this work is carried out in the context of the Co-Learn European project, which is aiming to design and to implement a third generation cooperative learning environment.


hypermedia multimedia human computer interaction 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R.M. Akscyn, D.L. McCracken, and E.A. Yoder, “KMS: A Distributed System for Managing Knowledge in Organizations,” Communications of the ACM, Vol. 31, No. 7, pp. 820–835, 1988.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Alexander and M. Cutcher, “Communications-centered Multi-Media Learning Systems,” in Learning Technology in the European Communities, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 79–90, 1992.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Conklin, “Hypertext: A survey and introduction,” IEEE Computer, Vol. 20, No. 9, pp. 17–41, 1987.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Derycke, C. Vieville, and P. Vilers, “Cooperation and communication in open Learning: The coconut project,” in Computers in Education, A. McDougall and C. Dowling (Eds.), Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., North-Holland, pp. 957–962, 1990.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barret Eduard (Ed.), “Hypertext, Hypermedia, and the Social Construction of Information,” MIT Press, 1989.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C.A. Ellis, S.J. Gibbs, and G.L. Rein, “Groupware some issues and experiences,” Communication of the ACM, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 39–58, 1991.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B.J. Haan, P. Kahn, V.A. Riley, J.H. Coombs, and N.K. Meyrowitz, “IRIS: Hypermedia Services,” Communication of the ACM, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 35–51, 1992.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Halasz, “Reflections on Notecards: Seven issues for the next generation of hypermedia systems,” Communication of the ACM, Vol. 31, No. 7, pp. 836–852, 1988.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Halasz and M. Schwartz, “The Dexter Hypertext Reference Model,” Communication of the ACM, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 30–39, 1994.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Kahn, “Webs, Trees, and Stacks: How Hypermedia System Design Effect Hypermedia Content,” in Designing and Using Human-Computer Interfaces and Knowledge Based Systems, G. Salvandy and M.J. Smith (Eds.), Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., pp. 443–449, 1989.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A.R. Kaye, “Computer Conferencing and Mass Education,” To appear in, Empowering Networks: Using Computer Conferencing in Education, M. Waggoner (Ed.).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.R. Kaye, “The Co-Learn Environment, A Brief Description for Pilot Sites,” internal report, work package 4, CO-Leam consortium.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. Marchionini and B. Shneiderman, “Finding facts vs. browsing knowledge in hypertext systems,” IEEE Computer, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 70–80, 1988.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.R. Newcomb, N.A. Kipp, and V.T. Newcomb, “The ‘HyTime’—Hypermedia/Time-based Document Structuring Language,” Communication of the ACM, Vol. 34, No. 11, pp. 67–83, 1991.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Nielsen, “Hypertext and Hypermedia,” Academic Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    H.W.J. Borst Pauwels, J.S. Pinto, B.S. Santos, and J.A. Martins, “An Integrated Courseware Editor Based on OLE Technology,” in Human Computer Interaction, Vienna Conference, VCHCI 93. T. Grechenig, M. Tschelig, (Eds.), Lectures Notes In Computer Science, Vol. 733, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 439–440, 1993.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.S. Pinto, H.W.J.B. Pauwels, J.A. Martins, and B.S. Santos, “HyDE: a hypermedia document editor based on OLE technology,” in Proc. of 1994 International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems, Boston, USA, May 14–19, 1994, pp. 375–381.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. van Dam, “Hypertext'87: Keynote Address,” Communication of the ACM, Vol. 31, No. 7, pp. 887–895, 1988.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. Yankelovich, B. Haan, N. Meyrowitz, and S. Drucker, “Intermedia: The concept and Construction of a Seamless Information Environment,” IEEE Computer, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 81–96, 1988.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Apple Computer, Inc., Hypercard User's Guide, Cupertino, CA, 1987.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Microsoft Press, Object Linking and Embedding—Programmer's Reference, 1992.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    “Object Linking & Embedding,” Version 2.0, Nov. 1992.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joaquim Sousa Pinto
    • 1
  • Joaquim Arnaldo Martins
    • 1
  • H. W. J. Borst Pauwels
    • 1
  • Beatriz Sousa Santos
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade de Aveiro /INESCAveiroPortugal

Personalised recommendations