Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 40–48 | Cite as

Syndromes of congenital bowing of the long bones

  • K. Kozlowski
  • H. O. Bützler
  • F. Galatius-Jensen
  • A. Tulloch


Ten patients with congenital bone disease in whom bowing of the long bones was the predominant or only sign are described. The group was composed of three patients with Campomelic dwarfism, one with long bones bowing of Caffey's type, four with femoral bowing (two of them familial), one with bowing of the long bones of the lower limbs and one with bowing of the forearm bones.

Key Words

Congenital malformations Bone dysplasias Bowing of the long bones Campomelic dwarfism 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Angle, C. R.: Congenital bowing and angulation of long bones. Pediatrics13, 257 (1954)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bianchine, J. W., Risemberg, H. M., Kanderian, S. S., Harrison, H. E.: Camptomelic dwarfism. Lancet 19711, 1017Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bound, J. P., Finlay, H. V. L., Rose, F. C.: Congenital anterior angulation of the tibiae. Arch. Dis. Child27, 179 (1952)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caffey, J.: Prenatal bowing and thickening of tubular bones, with multiple cutaneus dimples in arms and legs; a congenital syndrome of mechanical origin. Am. J. Dis. Child.74, 543 (1947)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chapple, C., Davidson, D. T.: Study of relationship between fetal position and certain congenital deformities. J. Pediatr.18, 483 (1941)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Conway, Th. J.: Prenatal bowing and angulation of long bones. A description of its occurrence in a brother and a sister. Am. J. Dis. Child.95, 305 (1958)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dunn, A. W., Aponte, G. E.: Congenital bowing of the tibia and femur. J. Bone Joint Surg.44A, 737 (1962)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eliacher, E., Baux, S., Maroteaux, P., Tassy, R., Perraudin, M. L.: Incurvation congenitale des os longs: un nouveau cas. Ann. Pediat.22, 61 (1975)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Freund, E.: Congenital defects of femur, fibula and tibia. Arch. Surg.33, 349 (1936)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kozlowski, K.: Hypoplasie bilaterale congenitale du cubitus et synostose bilaterale calcaneo-cuboide chez une fillette. Ann. Radiol. (Paris)8, 389 (1965)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee, F. A., Isaacs, H., Jr., Strauss, J.: The campomelic syndrome. Am. J. Dis. Child.124, 485 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mahloudji, M., Zarrabi, M., Emami-Ahari, Z.: Prenatal bowing of long bones in two sibs. Birth Defects Original Article Series. Limb Malformations.10, 121 (1974)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Maroteaux, P., Spranger, J., Opitz, J. M., Kucera, J., Lowry, R. B., Schimke, R. N., Kagan, S. M.: Le syndrome campomelique. Presse Med.79, 1157 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rath, F., Thalhammer, O.: Pränatale Verbiegung langer Röhrenknochen (Bewing of Long Bones). Z. Kinderheikd.98, 63 (1967)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rogers, J. G., Cranley, R. E., Dorst, J. P., Levin, S. L., Williams, B. R.: A variant of campomelia. Birth Defects Original Article Series. Disorders of connective tissue.11, 113 (1975)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rupprecht, E., Manitz, U.: Beitrag zum Krankheitsbild der angeborenen Verbiegung langer Röhrenknochen. Helv. Paediatr. Acta28, 467 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schudel, P.: Zur Morphologie angeborener Schaftverbiegung der Ober- und Unterschenkel. Helv. Paediatr. Acta23, 659 (1968)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Snure, H.: Intrauterine fracture. Radiology13, 362 (1929)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stüve, A., Wiedemann, H. R.: Angeborene Verbiegung langer Röhrenknochen-eine Geschwisterbeobachtung. Z. Kinderheilkd.111, 184 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Kozlowski
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • H. O. Bützler
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • F. Galatius-Jensen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. Tulloch
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.The Departments of Radiology: Royal Alexandra Hospital for ChildrenSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.University Children's HospitalKölnFRG
  3. 3.Hilleröd General HospitalHillerödDenmark

Personalised recommendations