Foundations of Physics

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 351–366 | Cite as

Particles without quarks

  • A. B. Bell
  • D. M. Bell


Based on a theory of primitive particles presented in two earlier papers, further applications to macro- and microphenomena are considered—for example, weather phenomena, earthquakes, photoemission, collision of particles, violation of parity, and decay modes. A broad class of leptons withSU(3) symmetry is proposed, together with a quarkless model of particles.


Early Paper Decay Mode Broad Class Weather Phenomenon Primitive Particle 
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  1. 1.
    A. B. Bell and D. M. Bell,Found. Phys. 5, 455 (1975).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. B. Bell and D. M. Bell,Found. Phys. 6, 101 (1976).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. D. Commins,Weak Interactions (McGraw-Hill, 1973), pp. 202–204, 310.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. B. Bell
    • 1
  • D. M. Bell
    • 2
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia
  2. 2.Harvard UniversityBoston

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