Bursts of magnetic fields induce jumps of misdirection in bees by a mechanism of magnetic resonance

Summary

Magnetic field (MF) bursts at a frequency of 250 Hz oriented parallel to the field-lines of the EMF induce unequivocal ‘jumps’ of misdirection of up to +10°. The regression of burst intensity (BI inγ; for a range of 10–1400γ) and the size of the induced jumps of misdirection (DMID in angular degrees) follow the equation: DMID= −1+ln BI. Compensation (<5% of the total intensity) of the EMF, continuous 250 Hz fields and bursts perpendicular to the static MF have no effect. The effects described are discussed from the point of view of magnetic resonance.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Abbreviations

BI :

burst intensity inγ

DMID :

difference (jump) of misdirection in angular degrees

EMF :

earth's magnetic field

ΔF :

MF variation of the total component

g :

stands forγ in figures

H :

magnetic field force in Oersteds

MF :

magnetic field

NAT :

natural magnetic field in Tables (= EMF)

Oe :

Oersted, unit of the magnetic field force

γ :

10−5Oe

g :

gyromagnetic ratio (a nuclear specific constant) in Hertz/Gauss

μn :

nuclear magneton

ω L :

Larmor frequency

References

  1. Dwek RA (1973) Nuclear magnetic resonance (N.M.R.) in biochemistry. Clarendon Press, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  2. Frisch K von (1965) Tanzsprache und Orientierung der Bienen. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York

    Google Scholar 

  3. Kilbert K (1979) Geräuschanalyse der Tanzlaute der Honigbiene (Apis mellifica) in unterschiedlichen magnetischen Feldsituationen. J Comp Physiol 132:11–25

    Google Scholar 

  4. Kirschvink JL (1981) The horizontal magnetic dance of the honeybee is compatible with a single-domain ferromagnetic magnetoreceptor. BioSystems 14:193–203

    Google Scholar 

  5. Kirschvink JL, Gould JL (1981) Biogenic magnetite as a basis for magnetic field detection in animals. BioSystems 13:181–201

    Google Scholar 

  6. Knowles PF, Marsh D, Rattle HWE (1976) Magnetic resonance of biomolecules. An introduction to the theory and practice of NMR and ESR in biological systems. John Wiley, London New York Sydney Toronto

    Google Scholar 

  7. Korall H, Martin H (1987) Responses of bristle field sensilla inApis mellifica to geomagnetic and astrophysical fields. J Comp Physiol A 161:1–22

    Google Scholar 

  8. Lindauer M (1976) Orientierung der Tiere. Verb Dtsch Zool Ges 1976:156–183

    Google Scholar 

  9. Lindauer M, Martin H (1968) Die Schwereorientierung der Bienen unter dem Einfluß des Erdmagnetfeldes. Z Vergl Physiol 60:219–243

    Google Scholar 

  10. Martin H, Lindauer M (1973) Orientierung im Erdmagnetfeld. Fortschr Zool 21(2/3):211–228

    Google Scholar 

  11. Martin H, Lindauer M (1977) Der Einfluß des Erdmagnetfeldes auf die Schwereorientierung der Honigbiene (Apis mellifica). J Comp Physiol 122:145–187

    Google Scholar 

  12. McLaughlin AC, Cullis PR, Hemminga M, Brown FF, Brocklehurst J (1977) Magnetic resonance studies of model and biological membranes. In: Dwek RA, Campbell ID, Richards RE, Williams RJP (eds) NMR in biology. Academic Press, London New York San Francisco, pp 231–246

    Google Scholar 

  13. Roth K, Gronenborn AM (1982) NMR Tomographie. Chemie in unserer Zeit 20(2):35–45

    Google Scholar 

  14. Schulten K, Windemuth A (1986) Model for a physiological magnetic compass. In: Maret G, Kiepenheuer J, Boccara N (eds) Biophysical effects of steady magnetic fields. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 99–106

    Google Scholar 

  15. Slichter CP (1964) Principles of magnetic resonance (with examples from solid state physics). Harper & Row, New York/Evanston and Weatherhill Inc, Tokyo

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hermann Martin.

Additional information

Dedicated to Prof. Dr. Drs. h.c. H. Autrum on the occasion of his 80th birthday

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Korall, H., Leucht, T. & Martin, H. Bursts of magnetic fields induce jumps of misdirection in bees by a mechanism of magnetic resonance. J. Comp. Physiol. 162, 279–284 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00606116

Download citation

Keywords

  • Magnetic Field
  • Static Magnetic Field
  • Oriented Parallel
  • Angular Degree
  • Burst Intensity