Preparation and properties of laser dye-ORMOSIL composites


Various organic laser dyes have been incorporated into organically modified silicates (ORMOSILs), derived from polydimethylsiloxane and tetraethoxysilane. These sol-gel derived PT-ORMOSILs proved to be good hosts for the laser dyes in terms of stability and optical gain. Some of the dyes, for example, Rhodamine 610, Rhodamine 620, and Rhodamine 640, have shown higher stability in PT-ORMOSILs than in methyl alcohol. The stability of Rh6G in a PT-ORMOSIL is 76% higher in dry nitrogen than in air, because of the contribution of oxygen and/or moisture to the dye degradation processes. The fluorescence intensity for Rh610 was enhanced by a factor of 3.9 as the temperature was cooled from room temperature to 77 K.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    D. Avnir, D. Levy and R. Reisfeld, J. Phys. Chem. 88 (1984) 5956.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    K. J. Drexhage, Laser Focus 35 (March 1973).

  3. 3.

    A. Yariv, in “Optical Electronics” (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1985) p. 217.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    M. J. Weber, “Organic Dye Lasers: CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology Supplement” (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1990).

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Irving and P. S. Rostler, in “Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers” (1988) p. 330.

  6. 6.

    S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa and H. Ito, Trans. IECE (Jpn) E70 (1987) 317.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    D. A. Gromov, K. M. Dyumaev, A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo and A. M. Prokhorov, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, 2 (1985) 1028.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    R. M. O'Connel and T. T. Saito, Opt. Engng 22 (1983) 393.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    R. Itoh, M. Takakusa, T. Moriya and S. Saito, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 16 (1977) 1059.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    J. McKierman, J.-C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn and J. I. Zink, J. Phys. Chem. 93 (1989) 2129.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    J.-C. Pouxviel, B. Dunn and J. I. Zink, ibid. 93 (1989) 2134.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    D. Avnir, V. R. Kaufman and R. Reisfeld, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 74 (1985) 395.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    D. I. Santos, M. A. Aegerter, C. H. Brito Crus, M. Scarparo and J. Zarzycki, ibid. 82 (1986) 165.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    T. Tani, H. Namikawa, K. Arai and A. Makishima, J. Appl. Phys. 58 (1985) 3559.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    A. Makishima and T. Tani, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 69 (1986) 72.

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    V. R. Kaufman, D. Avnir, D. Pines-Jojanski and D. Huppert, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99 (1988) 379.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    B. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, J. I. Zink and O. M. Stafsudd, in “Proceedings of SPIE Annual Meeting on Sol-Gel Optics”, San Diego, July 1990, edited by J. D. Mackenzie and D. R. Ulrich (SPIE, Bellingham, 1990) p. 174.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Ruqua and F. Nishida, Appl. Optics 29 (1990) 2729.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    C. J. Brinker and G. W. Scherer, in “Sol-gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing” (Academic Press, Boston, 1990) p. 116.

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    U. Brackmann, in “Lambdachrome Laser-grade Dyes Data Sheets” (Lambda Physik, Germany, 1986).

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    R. Reisfeld, R. Zusman, Y. Cohen and M. Eyal, Chem. Phys. Lett. 147 (1988) 142.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Lin, HT., Bescher, E., Mackenzie, J.D. et al. Preparation and properties of laser dye-ORMOSIL composites. J Mater Sci 27, 5523–5528 (1992).

Download citation


  • Oxygen
  • Nitrogen
  • Polymer
  • Alcohol
  • Methyl