Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 77–82 | Cite as

A biochemical genetic study of population structure in queen scallop (Chlamys opercularis) stocks in the Northern Irish Sea

  • J. A. A. Macleod
  • J. P. Thorpe
  • N. A. Duggan
Article

Abstract

Electrophoresis was used to survey a number of enzymes for loci of potential value as stock markers in Chlamys opercularis (L.). Two loci, Pgi and Pgd, were then studied in larger samples from each of two localities around the Isle of Man. One Pgi allele was found to be restricted to a particular year-class in both populations. This was confirmed by subsequent studies of three further populations, in each of which the same allele occurred only in the one year-class. Otherwise, no significant differences in allele frequencies were found between year-classes or between populations in any of the samples used. From the results it is concluded that there is temporal variation in the sources of recruitment of C. opercularis stocks around the Isle of Man. Possible origins of larvae contributing to these stocks are discussed in the light of what is known of current circulation patterns in the northern Irish Sea.

Keywords

Enzyme Electrophoresis Temporal Variation Allele Frequency Population Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Aravindakshan, I.: Studies on the biology of the queen scallop, Chlamys opercularis (L.), 79 pp. Unpublished thesis, University of Liverpool, Port Erin, Isle of Man 1955Google Scholar
  2. Bassett, H.: The flow of water through the Irish Sea. Proc. Trans. Lpool biol. Soc. 24, 210–219 (1910)Google Scholar
  3. Beaumont, A. R.: Geographic variation in allele frequencies at three loci in Chlamys opercularis from Norway to the Brittany Coast. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 62, 243–261 (1982a)Google Scholar
  4. Beaumont, A. R.: Variation in heterozygosity at two loci between year classes of a population of Chlamys opercularis (L.) from a Scottish sea-loch. Mar. Biol. Lett. 3, 25–34 (1982b)Google Scholar
  5. Beaumont, A. R. and C. M. Beveridge: An electrophoretic survey of genetic variation in Pecten maximus, Chlamys opercularis, C. varia and C. distoria from the Irish Sea. Mar. Biol. 81, 299–306 (1984)Google Scholar
  6. Beaumont, A. R. and L. D. Gruffydd: A polymorphic system in the sarcoplasm of Chlamys opercularis. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 36, 190–192 (1975)Google Scholar
  7. Bowden, K. F.: Physical oceanography of the Irish Sea. Fishery Invest., Lond. (Ser. 2) 18(8), 1–67 (1955)Google Scholar
  8. Bowden, K. F. and S. K. Sharaf El Din: Circulation and mixing processes in the Liverpool Bay area of the Irish Sea. Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc. 11, 279–292 (1966)Google Scholar
  9. Brand, A. R., J. D. Paul and J. N. Hoogesteger: Spat settlement of the scallops Chlamys opercularis (L.) and Pecten maximus (L.) on artificial collectors. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 60, 379–390 (1980)Google Scholar
  10. Broom, M. J.: Synopsis of biological data on scallops, 44 pp. Rome: F.A.O. 1976Google Scholar
  11. Cragg, S. M.: Swimming behaviour of the larvae of Pecten maximus (L.) (Bivalvia). J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 60, 551–564 (1980)Google Scholar
  12. Cushing, D. H.: Marine ecology and fisheries, 278 pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1975Google Scholar
  13. Fairbairn, D. J. and D. A. Roth: Testing genetic models of isozyme variability without breeding data: can we depend on the x 2? Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sciences 37, 1149–1159, (1980)Google Scholar
  14. Gordon, A. H.: Electrophoresis of proteins in polyacrylamide and starch gels. 186 pp. Amsterdam: North Holland 1975Google Scholar
  15. Harris, H. and D. A. Hopkinson: Handbook of enzyme electrophoresis in human genetics, Amsterdam: North Holland 1978Google Scholar
  16. Khan, M. A. and D. I. Williamson: Seasonal changes in the distribution of Chaetognatha and other plankton in the eastern Irish Sea. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 5, 285–303 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jamieson, A.: Genetic tags for marine fish stocks. In: Sea fisheries research, pp 91–99. Ed. by F. R. Harden-Jones. London: Elek Science 1974Google Scholar
  18. Le Pennec, M.: L'élevage expérimental de Chlamys opercularis (L.) (Bivalvia, Pectinidae). Vie mar. 4, 29–36 (1982)Google Scholar
  19. Lewontin, R. C.: A general method for investigating the equilibrium of gene frequency in a population. Genetics, Austin, Tex. 43, 419–434 (1958)Google Scholar
  20. Mason, J.: Scallop and queen fisheries in the British Isles, 143 pp. Farnham, Surrey, England: Fishing News Books 1983Google Scholar
  21. Mathers, N. F.: Environmental variability at the phosphoglucose isomerase locus in the genus Chlamys. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 3, 123–127 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Paul, J. D.: The biology of the queen scallop Chlamys opercularis in relation to its prospective cultivation, 127 pp. Unpublished thesis, University of Liverpool, Port Erin, Isle of Man 1978Google Scholar
  23. Payne, R. H., A. R. Child and A. Forest: Geographical variation in the Atlantic salmon. Nature, Lond. 231, 250–252 (1971)Google Scholar
  24. Ramster, J. W. and H. W. Hill: Current systems in the northern Irish Sea. Nature, Lond. 224, 59–61 (1969)Google Scholar
  25. Sargent, J. R. and S. G. George: Methods in zone electrophoresis, 219 pp. Poole, Dorset, England: BDH Chemicals 1975Google Scholar
  26. Shaw, P. R. and R. Prasad: Starch gel electrophoresis of enzymes —a compilation of recipes. Biochem. Genet. 4, 297–320 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Soemodihardjo, S.: Aspects of the biology of the queen scallop, Chlamys opercularis with comparative notes on four other species, 110 pp. Unpublished thesis, University of Liverpool, Port Erin, Isle of Man 1974Google Scholar
  28. Taylor, A. C. and T. J. Venn: Growth of the queen scallop, Chlamys opercularis, from the Clyde Sea area. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 58, 687–700 (1978)Google Scholar
  29. Ward, R. D. and J. A. Beardmore: Protein variation in the plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). Genet. Res. 30, 45–62 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Williamson, D. I.: Planktonic evidence for irregular flow through the Irish Sea and North Channel in the autumn of 1954. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 35, 461–466 (1956)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. A. Macleod
    • 1
  • J. P. Thorpe
    • 1
  • N. A. Duggan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine BiologyUniversity of Liverpool, Marine Biological StationPort ErinIsle of Man, UK

Personalised recommendations