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Marine Biology

, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Carbon fixation in marine phytoplankton: carboxylase activities and stable carbon-isotope ratios; physiological and paleoclimatological aspects

  • C. Descolas-Gros
  • M. R. Fontugne
Article

Abstract

We measured the activity of three carboxylases: RuBP carboxylase, PEP carboxylase and PEP carboxykinase of marine phytoplankton species in culture and in natural communities. Activities of the three carboxylases were measured simultaneously with stable carbon-isotope ratios. The enzymatic activities have been used to estimate the importance of β carboxylation and its impact on the 13C:12C ratio (expressed as δ13C). The marine phytoplankton species in culture were Fragilariopsis kerguelensis, Nitzschia turgiduloides, Skeletonema costatum, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Isochrysis galbana, Dunaliella marina, and Prorocentrum micans, and the field samples were collected from different depths off the coast of Portugal (August/September, 1981). Our results indicate that, as in terrestrial plants, the δ13C value is a good indicator of the extent of β carboxylation. RuBP carboxylase activity was always predominant, whereas the δ13C value never reached values typical of the C4 pathway. The β carboxylases could be PEP carboxylase (in dinoflagellates) or PEP carboxykinase (in diatoms). β carboxylation increased at the end of the exponential growth phase in a diatom culture and with increased biomass in natural samples. We interpret these increases as an adaptative response mechanism to poor environmental conditions, especially to low light intensity.

Keywords

Dinoflagellate Dunaliella Skeletonema Phaeodactylum Tricornutum Isochrysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Descolas-Gros
    • 1
  • M. R. Fontugne
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire AragoUniversité Pierre et Marie CurieBanyuls-sur-MerFrance
  2. 2.Centre des Faibles RadioactiviésLaboratoire Mixte CEA-CNRSGif-sur-YvetteFrance

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