Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 263–273 | Cite as

Discussion of methods of investigating the food of fishes, with reference to a preliminary study of the prey of Gobiusculus flavescens (Gobiidae)

Article

Abstract

The validity, reliability and practicability of different methods for the investigation of stomach contents of a small, plankton-eating fish are discussed. Tests demonstrated the problems related to mass and volume measurements of planktonic food. Several nutrition indices, particularly Hynes's “frequency of occurrence” are criticized. A logarithmic version of Shorigin's index is proposed as a replacement for Ivlev's food selection index. A preliminary study on the food of Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius), sampled in July, 1975 at Helgoland, provides some numerical information on the composition of its stomach contents and food preference.

Keywords

Volume Measurement Stomach Content Food Preference Selection Index Food Selection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Arntz, W.E.: Die Nahrung der Kliesche (Limanda limanda L.) in der Kieler Bucht. Ber. dt. wiss. Kommn Meeresforsch. 22, 129–138 (1971)Google Scholar
  2. Bellinger, J.W. and J.W. Avault, Jr.: On the digestion of juvenile Rrachynotus carolinus, in Louisiana. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 100, 486–494 (1971)Google Scholar
  3. Fischer, Z.: Food composition and food preference in larvae of Lestes sponsa (L.) in astatic water environment. Polskie Archwum Hydrobiol. 14 (27), 59–71 (1967)Google Scholar
  4. Frame, D.W.: Feeding habits of young winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus): prey availability and diversity. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 103, 261–269 (1974)Google Scholar
  5. Harrington, J.W., Jr. and E.S. Harrington: Food of female marsh killifish, Fundulus confluentus Goode and Bean, in Florida. Am. Midl. Nat. 87, 492–502 (1972)Google Scholar
  6. Hiatt, R.W. and D.W. Strasburg: Ecological relationship of the fish fauna on coral reefs of the Marshall Islands. Ecol. Monogr. 30, 65–127 (1960)Google Scholar
  7. Hureau, J.C.: Biologie comparée de quelques poissons antarctiques (Nothotheniidae). Bull. Inst. océanogr. Monaco 68, 1–44 (1969)Google Scholar
  8. Hynes, H.B.N.: The food of freshwater sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus and Pygosteus pungitius), with a review of methods used in studies of the food of fishes. J. Anim. Ecol. 19, 35–38 (1950)Google Scholar
  9. Ivlev, V.S.: Experimental ecology of the feeding of fishes, 302 pp. New Haven: Yale University Press 1961Google Scholar
  10. Jones, N.S.: The bottom fauna and the food of flatfish of the Cumberland coast. J. Anim. Ecol. 21, 182–205 (1952)Google Scholar
  11. McGrath, D.: Preliminary studies on the feeding of Gobius niger (L.) and Gobius flavescens (Fabricius) (Pisces, Gobiidae) in the Northern Baltic proper. Contr. Askö Lab. Univ. Stockh. 4, 1–25 (1974)Google Scholar
  12. Miller, R.: The cyprinodont fishes of the Death Valley System of Eastern California and South-western Nevada. Misc. Publs. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 68, 1–155 (1948)Google Scholar
  13. Murdoch, W.W.: Switching in general predators: experiments of predator specificity and stability of prey populations. Ecol. Monogr. 39, 335–354 (1969)Google Scholar
  14. Odum, E.P.: Ökologie, 161 pp. III. Aufl. München: BLV Verlagsgesellschaft 1973Google Scholar
  15. Pillary, T.V.R.: A critique of the methods of study of food of fishes. J. zool. Soc. India 4, 185–200 (1952)Google Scholar
  16. —: Studies on the food, feeding habits and alimentary tract of the grey mullet, Mugil tade Forskål. Proc. natn. Inst. Sci. India 19, 777–823 (1953)Google Scholar
  17. Pinkas, L., M.S. Oliphant and I.L.K. Iverson: Food habits of albacore, blue fin tuna, and bonito in California waters. Fish Bull. Calif. 152, 1–105 (1971)Google Scholar
  18. Rosenthal, H. and G.A. Paffenhöfer: On the digestion rate and calorific content of food and feces in young gar fish. Naturwissenschaften 59, 274–275 (1972)Google Scholar
  19. Shorigin, A.A.: Food and food preference of some Gobiidae of the Caspian Sea. Zool. Zh. 18, 27–53 (1939) [Russian, with English summary]Google Scholar
  20. Szypula, J.: Wspolczynnik zroznicowania pokarmu r yb. Wiad. ekol. 17, 287–295 (1971)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Berg
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut der Universität HamburgHamburgGermany (FRG)
  2. 2.Zoologisches Museum der Universität HamburgHamburgGermany (FRG)

Personalised recommendations