Marine Biology

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 37–44 | Cite as

Translocation in Calliarthron tuberculosum and its role in the light-enhancement of calcification

  • J. M. LaVelle


Calcium, inorganic carbon and compounds elaborated during photosynthesis are translocated from pigmented thallus to adjacent non-pigmented apical tip tissue in fronds of Calliarthron tuberculosum. Furthermore, light-enhanced calcification in the apical tips is shown to be dependent upon photosynthesis in adjacent pigmented thallus. By the nature of the experimental design, translocation is the only means by which photosynthesis might affect calcification at a remote site (i.e., the apical tips). Several possibilities are examined as mechanisms for the link between photosynthesis and calcification.


Calcium Photosynthesis Inorganic Carbon Remote Site 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Bailey, A. and T. Bisalputra: A preliminary account of the application of thin-sectioning, freeze-etching and scanning electron microscopy to the study of coralline algae. Phycologia 9, 83–101 (1970)Google Scholar
  2. Blinks, L.R.: Physiology and biochemistry of algae. In: Manual of phycology, pp 263–291. Ed. by G.M. Smith. Waltham, Mass.: Chronica Botanica 1951Google Scholar
  3. Borowitzka, M.A. and A.W.D. Larkum: Calcification in the green alga Halimeda II. The exchange of Ca+2 and the occurrence of age gradients in calcification and photosynthesis. J. exp. Bot. 27, 864–878 (1976a)Google Scholar
  4. —— and A.W.D. Larkum: Calcification in the green alga Halimeda III. The sources of inorganic carbon for photosynthesis and calcification and a model of the mechanism of calcification. J. exp. Bot. 27, 894–907 (1976b)Google Scholar
  5. Digby, P.S.B.: Photosynthesis and respiration in the coralline algae, Clathromorphum circumscriptum and Corallina officinalis and the metabolic basis of calcification. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 57, 1111–1124 (1977)Google Scholar
  6. Furuya, K.: Biochemical studies on calcareous algae II. Organic acids of some calcareous red algae. Bot. Mag., Tokyo 70, 274–279 (1965)Google Scholar
  7. Goreau, T.F.: Problems of growth and calcium deposition in reef corals. Endeavour 20, 23–29 (1961)Google Scholar
  8. Hartmann, T. und W. Eschrich: Stofftransport in Rotalgen. Planta 85, 303–312 (1969)Google Scholar
  9. Heany, R.D.: Evaluation and interpretation of calcium kinetic data in man. Clin. Orthop. 31, 153–183 (1963)Google Scholar
  10. LaVelle, J.M.: Calcium metabolism, calcium carbonate accretion and light-enhanced calcification in the red coralline alga, Calliarthron tuberculosum, 157 pp. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon 1977Google Scholar
  11. Lind, J.V.: Processes of calcification in the coralline algae, 350 pp. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Hawaii, Honolulu 1970Google Scholar
  12. Lüning, K.: Growth of amputated and dark-exposed individuals of the brown alga Laminaria hyperborea. Mar. Biol. 2, 218–223 (1969)Google Scholar
  13. Okazaki, M.: Some enzymatic properties of Ca+2-dependent adenosine triphosphatase from a calcareous red alga, Serraticardia maxima and its distribution in marine algae. Botanica mar. 20, 347–354 (1977)Google Scholar
  14. Pearse, V.B.: Radioisotopic study of calcification in the articulated coralline alga, Bossiella orbigniana. J. Phycol. 8, 88–97 (1972)Google Scholar
  15. — and L. Muscatine: Role of symbiotic algae (zooxanthellae) in coral calcification. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 141, 350–363 (1971)Google Scholar
  16. Revelle, R. and R. Fairbridge: Carbonates and carbon dioxide. Mem. geol. Soc. Am. 67, 239–295 (1957)Google Scholar
  17. Strickland, J.D.H. and T.R. Parsons: A practical handbook of seawater analysis. Bull. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 167, 1–311 (1968)Google Scholar
  18. Vandermuelen, J.H., N.D. Davis and L. Muscatine: The effects of inhibitors of photosynthesis on zooxanthellae in corals and other marine invertebrates. Mar. Biol. 16, 185–191 (1972)Google Scholar
  19. Young, S.D., J.D. O'Connor and L. Muscatine: Organic material from scleractinian coral skeletons II. Incorporation of 14C into protein, chitin and lipid. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 40B, 945–958 (1971)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. LaVelle
    • 1
  1. 1.Pharmacology DepartmentThomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations