Marine Biology

, Volume 101, Issue 2, pp 273–283 | Cite as

Biomass and production in polar planktonic and sea ice microbial communities: a comparative study

  • R. B. Rivkin
  • M. Putt
  • S. P. Alexander
  • D. Meritt
  • L. Gaudet


Algal and bacterial biomass and production were measured in the plankton, platelet ice and congelation ice communities at one station in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica during September and October 1986. Bacterial abundances and particulate organic carbon and nitrogen were 10 to 100 times greater in the plankton than in the sea ice, whereas the chlorophyll a concentrations in the plankton and sea ice microbial communities (SIMCO) were similar Rates of both light-limited and light-saturated photosynthesis and daily primary production were 2 to 6 times greater in the plankton than in the SIMCO. Bacterial growth rates ranges from 0.7 to 1.5 d-1 in all three communities; however, because of the greater bacterial biomass in the plankton, bacterial production was 15 to 20 times higher there than in the SIMCO. These results suggest that during the early austral spring, planktonic production contributes significantly to total production in ice-covered environments.


Biomass Chlorophyll Photosynthesis Bacterial Growth Total Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Rivkin
    • 1
  • M. Putt
    • 2
  • S. P. Alexander
    • 3
  • D. Meritt
    • 1
  • L. Gaudet
    • 1
  1. 1.Horn Point Environmental LaboratoriesUniversity of MarylandCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA
  3. 3.A-002, Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of CaliforniaLa JollaUSA

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