Marine Biology

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 7–10 | Cite as

Distribution of enzymes of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis in fish tissues

  • D. Knox
  • M. J. Walton
  • C. B. Cowey


Gluconeogenesis in fishes has been demonstrated in whole animals and liver preparations. However, at present, the relative physiological importance of possible substrates such as lactate, pyruvate and amino-acids or the precise sites of gluconeogenesis are unclear. In mammals, gluconeogenesis takes place in the liver and kidney, and the same could occur in fishes although it has been proposed that fish red muscle is also capable of reconverting lactate (derived from white muscle) to glucose. In this present study, the activities of 3 key glycolytic (hexokinase, phosphofructokinase and pyruvate kinase) and 2 key gluconeogenic (fructose diphosphatase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase) enzymes were investigated in tissues of the rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri, the cod Gadus morhua, and the plaice Pleuronectes platessa in order to elucidate the relative glycolytic/gluconeogenic capacities of the individual fish tissues. The glycolytic enzymes were found in all tissues, the relative potential being skeletal muscle>heart, brain >kidney, gills>liver. The gluconeogenic enzymes were not present in all tissues, and were mainly concentrated in the liver and kidney. Hence the results indicate that the liver, and to a lesser degree, the kidney are the major sites of gluconeogenesis in fishes, and that the process is unlikely to occur in skeletal muscle.


Enzyme Skeletal Muscle Pyruvate Fructose Rainbow Trout 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Knox
    • 1
  • M. J. Walton
    • 1
  • C. B. Cowey
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Marine BiochemistryNatural Environment Research CouncilAberdeenScotland

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