Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 349–353 | Cite as

Incidence and estimation of chitinase activity associated with marine fish and other estuarine samples

  • T. D. Goodrich
  • R. Y. Morita
Article

Abstract

A procedure for the determination of chitinase activity was adapted for the seawater environment. Preliminary data indicate that the controlled bacterial environment within the digestive tracts of marine fishes and possibly other marine animals plays a significant role in the decomposition and recycling of chitin. It is estimated in the stomachs of a single population of Enophrys bison (buffalo sculpin) of 1×105 fish that ca. 16 metric tons of chitin could be decomposed annually.

Keywords

Significant Role Chitin Preliminary Data Digestive Tract Chitinase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatuce Cited

  1. Barrington, E.J.W.: The alimentary canal and digestion. In: The physiology of fishes, Vol. 1. pp 109–161. Ed. by M.F. Brown. New York: Academic Press 1957Google Scholar
  2. Beardsley, A.J.: Movement and angler use of four foodfishes in Yaquina Bay, 173 pp. Ph.D. dissertation, Corvallis: Oregon State University 1969Google Scholar
  3. Chan, J.G.: The occurrence, taxonomy and activity of chitinoclastic bacteria from sediment, water and fauna of Puget Sound, 312 pp. Ph.D. dissertation, Seattle: University of Washington 1970Google Scholar
  4. Goodrich, T.D. and R.Y. Morita: Bacterial chitinase in the stomachs of marine fishes from Yaquina Bay, Oregon, USA. Mar. Biol. 41, 355–360 (1977)Google Scholar
  5. Hood, M.A. and S.P. Meyers: The biology of aquatic chitinoclastic bacteria and their chitinolytic activities. La Mer (Bull. Soc. francojap. Océanogr.) 11, 25–41 (1973)Google Scholar
  6. Jerde, C.W. and R. Lasker: Molting of euphausiid shrimps: shipboard observations. Limnol. Oceanogr. 11, 120–124 (1966)Google Scholar
  7. Jeuniaux, C.: Chitinases. Meth. Enzym. 8, 644–650 (1966)Google Scholar
  8. —: Chitinous structures. In: Comprehensive biochemistry, Vol. 26C. pp 595–632. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1971Google Scholar
  9. Johnstone, J.: Conditions of life in the sea, 332 pp. Cambridge: University Press 1908Google Scholar
  10. Liston, J., W.J. Wiebe and B. Lighthart: Activities of marine benthic bacteria. Contr. Univ. Wash. College (Sch.) Fish. 184, 39–41 (1965)Google Scholar
  11. Morgan, W. and L. Elson: A colorimetric method for the determination of N-acetyl-glucosamine and N-acetyl-chondrosamine. Biochem. J. 28, 988–995 (1934)Google Scholar
  12. Reissig, J.L., J.L. Strominger and L.F. Leloir: A modified colorimetric method for the estimation of N-acetyl-amino sugars. J. biol. Chem. 217, 959–966 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Seki, H.: Microbiological studies on the decomposition of chitin in marine environments IX. Rough estimation on chitin decomposition in the ocean. J. oceanogr. Soc. Japan 21, 261–269 (1965)Google Scholar
  14. Skerman, V.B.D.: Methods. In: A guide to the identification of the genera of bacteria, p. 254. Ed. by V.B.D. Skerman. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins Co. 1967Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. D. Goodrich
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • R. Y. Morita
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.School of OceanographyOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  3. 3.Department of MicrobiologyCalifornia State UniversityCaliforniaLong BeachUSA

Personalised recommendations