Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 161–170 | Cite as

Growth studies of the tropical intertidal limpet Acmaea antillarum

  • R. Kenny
Article

Abstract

The tropical intertidal limpet Acmaea antillarum (Sowerby) was used in a series of field and aquarium growth studies, carried out in Venezuela. Both field and aquarium experiments demonstrated the formation of diurnal growth ridges and subdiurnal periodic growth striations on the shell surface. It was shown in aquarium experiments that the normal growth pattern was inhibited in constant darkness and that continous illumination stimulated the formation of extra growth ridges. Alterations of the experimental sequence of illumination influenced the formation of subdiurnal growth markings. This secondary growth pattern appears to be distinct from the basic system of diurnal ridge formation. Limpet shell lengths were related to estimated age based on diurnal growth ridge counts. It is probable that maximum shell size is attained in less than 1 year. Equations for allometric shell growth characteristics were calculated relative to shell length. Calculations for instantaneous relative growth rate were made from natural populations, experimental field populations and aquarium specimens. These were compared to show that the field and aquarium experiments demonstrated similar growth rates. The results of these observations and calculations are compared with other molluscan growth studies.

Keywords

Relative Growth Rate Venezuela Growth Study Shell Growth Aquarium Experiment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Abe, N.: The age and growth of the limpet (Acmaea dorsuosa Gould). Sci. Rep. Tôhoku Univ. (Ser. 4) 6, 347–363 (1932)Google Scholar
  2. Allen, J.A.: Ecology and functional morphology of molluscs. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. A. Rev. 1, 253–288 (1963)Google Scholar
  3. Barker, R.M.: Microtextural variations in pelecypod shells. Malacologia 2, 69–86 (1964)Google Scholar
  4. Berry, A.J.: The growth of Opisthostoma retrovertens Tomlin, a minute cyclophorid from a Malayan Limestone hill. Proc. malac. Soc. Lond. 35, 46–49 (1962)Google Scholar
  5. —: Growth and variation of the shell in certain Malayan limestone hill snails. Proc. malac. Soc. Lond. 35, 203–206 (1963)Google Scholar
  6. Berry, W.B.N. and R.M. Barker: Fossil bivalve shells indicate longer month and year in Cretaceous than Present. Nature, Lond. 217, 938–939 (1968)Google Scholar
  7. Blackmore, D.T.: Studies of Patella vulgata L. I. Growth, reproduction and zonal distribution. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 3, 200–213 (1969)Google Scholar
  8. Brody, S.: Bioenergetics and growth, xii and 1023 pp. New York: Reinhold 1945Google Scholar
  9. Choe, S.: Daily age markings on the shell of cuttlefish. Nature, Lond. 197, 306–307 (1963)Google Scholar
  10. Clark, G.R. (II): Mollusc shell; daily growth lines. Science, N.Y. 161, 800–802 (1968)Google Scholar
  11. Clarke, M.R.: “Growth rings” in the beaks of the squid Moroteuthis ingens (Oegopsida: Onychoteuthidae). Malacologia 3, 287–307 (1965)Google Scholar
  12. Comfort, A.: The duration of life in molluscs. Proc. malac. Soc. Lond. 32, 219–241 (1957)Google Scholar
  13. Dehnel, P.: Rates of growth of gastropods as a function of latitude. Physiol. Zoöl. 28, 115–144 (1955)Google Scholar
  14. Dodd, J.R.: Effect of light on rate of growth of bivalves. Nature, Lond. 224, 617–618 (1969)Google Scholar
  15. Doty, M.S.: Rocky intertidal surfaces. In: Treatise on marine ecology and paleoecology. Vol. 1. Ecology, pp 535–585. Ed. by J.W. Hedgpeth. New York: Geological Society of America 1957. (Mem. geol. Soc. Am. No. 67)Google Scholar
  16. Frank, P.W.: The biodemography of an intertidal snail population. Ecology 46, 831–844 (1965a)Google Scholar
  17. —: Growth of three species of Acmaea. Veliger 7, 201–202 (1965b)Google Scholar
  18. —: Growth rates and longevity of some gastropod mollusks on the coral reef at Heron Island. Oecologia (Berl.) 2, 232–250 (1969)Google Scholar
  19. Graham, A. and V. Fretter: The life history of Patina pellucida (L.). J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 26, 590–601 (1947)Google Scholar
  20. Griffiths, R.C. and J.G. Simpson: Temperature structure of the Gulf of Cariaco, Venezuela, from Aug. 1959 to Aug. 1961. Ministerio de Agricultura y Cria, Caracas. Ser. Recurs. Explot. pesq. 1, 161–169 (1967)Google Scholar
  21. Hamai, I.: Notes on relative growth with special reference to the growth of limpets. Sci Rep. Tôhoku Univ. (Ser. 4) 12, 71–95 (1937)Google Scholar
  22. Hyman, L.B.: The invertebrates. Vol. 6. Mollusca, Pt. 1. v and 792 pp. New York: McGraw Hill 1967Google Scholar
  23. Kenny, R.: Growth characteristics of Acmaea persona Eschscholtz. Veliger 11, 336–339 (1969)Google Scholar
  24. MacClintock, C.: Shell structure of patelloid and bellerophontoid gastropods (Mollusca). Bull. Peabody Mus. nat. Hist. 22, 1–139 (1967)Google Scholar
  25. Medcof, J.C. and C.J. Kerswill: Effects of light on growth of oysters, mussels and quahogs. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 22, 281–288 (1965)Google Scholar
  26. Miller, R.H.: Growth lines in the larvae and adults of bivalve molluscs. Nature, Lond. 217, p. 683 (1968)Google Scholar
  27. Ministerio de Obras Públicas (Venezuela): Predicciónes de alturas horarias de la marea para los puertos de Anuay, La Guaira y Puerto de Hiero, e informaciónes mareográficas de interés general, 57 pp. Caracas: Dirección de Cartográfia Nacional 1968Google Scholar
  28. Moore, H.B.: Marine ecology, xi and 493 pp. New York: Wiley 1958Google Scholar
  29. Neville, A.C.: Daily growth layers in animals and plants. Biol. Rev. 42, 421–441 (1967)Google Scholar
  30. Newell, G.E.: Physiological aspects of the ecology of intertidal molluscs. In: Physiology of Mollusca, Vol. 1. pp 59–81. Ed. by K.M. Wilbur and C.M. Yonge. New York: Academic Press 1964Google Scholar
  31. Orton, J.H.: Observations on Patella vulgata. I. Sex phenomena, breeding and shell growth. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 15, 851–862 (1928a)Google Scholar
  32. —: Observations on Patella vulgata. II. Rate of growth of shell. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 15, 863–874 (1928b)Google Scholar
  33. Pannella, G. and C. MacClintock: Biological and environmental rhythms reflected in molluscan shell growth. J. Paleont. 42, (Suppl. no. 5), 64–79 (1968)Google Scholar
  34. —— and M.N. Thompson: Paleontological evidence of variations in length of synodic month since the late Cambrian. Science, N.Y. 162, 792–796 (1968)Google Scholar
  35. Russell, E.S.: Environmental studies on the limpet. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1907, 956–970 (1908)Google Scholar
  36. —: The growth of the shell of Patella vulgata L. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1908, 235–253, pl. 1 (1909)Google Scholar
  37. Siegal, S.: Nonparametric statistics for the behavioural sciences, xvii and 312 pp. New York: McGraw Hill 1956Google Scholar
  38. Smith, M.: East coast marine shells, vii and 308 pp. Ann Arbor: Edwards 1951Google Scholar
  39. Ward, J.: Distribution and growth of the keyhole limpet Fissurella barbadensis Gmelin. Bull. mar. Sci. 17, 299–318 (1967)Google Scholar
  40. Warmke, G.L. and R.T. Abbott: Caribbean shells, 346 pp. Narbeth, Penn.: Livingstone 1961Google Scholar
  41. Wilbur, K.M.: Shell formation in molluscs. Chem. Zool. 7, 103–145 (1972)Google Scholar
  42. — and G. Owen: Growth, In: Physiology of Mollusca, Vol. 1. pp 211–242. Ed. by K.M. Wilbur and C.M. Yonge. New York: Academic Press 1964Google Scholar
  43. Zischke, J.A., N. Watabe, and K.M. Wilbur: Studies on shell formation: measurement of growth in the gastropod Ampullarius glaucus. Malacologia 10, 423–439 (1970)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Kenny
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, School of Biological SciencesJames Cook University of North QueenslandAustralia

Personalised recommendations