Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 295–300 | Cite as

Salinity-temperature relationships in the queen scallop Chalamys opercularis

  • J. D. Paul
Article

Abstract

The effects of reduced salinities on different size-ranges of Chlamys opercularis (L.) were studied at various temperatures using 3 methods of analysis: median lethal mortality over 24 h (LD50, 24 h); surface-response analysis; time-mortality relationships. Reduced salinities ranging from 16 to 28‰ were lethal after a 24 h exposure, depending on the temperature and size of the scallop. Mortality increased at extremes of temperature, and spat appeared to have a slightly greater tolerance than larger individuals. Observations were also made on behavioural responses and byssus attachment at reduced salinities.

Keywords

Behavioural Response Large Individual Great Tolerance Byssus Attachment Queen Scallop 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Alderdice, D. F.: Factor combinations: responses of marine poikilotherms to environmental factors acting in concert. In: Marine ecology, Vol. I. Environmental factors, Pt. 3. pp 1659–1722. Ed. by O. Kinne. London: Wiley-Interscience 1972Google Scholar
  2. Bayne, B. L.: Growth and delay of metamorphosis of the larvae of Mytilus edulis L. Ophelia 2, 1–47 (1965)Google Scholar
  3. Brand, A. R., J. D. Paul and J. N. Hoogesteger: Spat settelement of the scallops Chlamys opercularis (L.) and Pecten maximus (L.) on artificial collectors. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. (In press). (1980)Google Scholar
  4. Cain, T. D.: The combined effects of temperature and salinity on embryos and larvae of the clam Rangia cuneata. Mar. Biol. 21, 1–6 (1973)Google Scholar
  5. Calabrese, A. and H. C. Davis: Tolerances and requirements of embryos and larvae of bivalve molluscs. Helgoländer wiss. Meeresunters. 20, 553–564 (1970)Google Scholar
  6. Castagna, M. and P. Chanley: Salinity tolerance of some marine bivalves from inshore waters and estuarine environments in Virginia waters on the western mid-Atlantic coast. Malacologia 12, 47–96 (1973)Google Scholar
  7. Davenport, J., Ll. D. Gruffydd and A. R. Beaumont: An apparatus to supply water of fluctuating salinity, and its use in a study of the salinity tolerances of larvae of the scallop Pecten maximus L. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 55, 391–409 (1975)Google Scholar
  8. Davis, H. C. and A. Calabrese: Combined effects of temperature and salinity on the development of eggs and growth of larvae of M. mercenaria and C. virginica. Fishery Bull. Fish Wildl. Serv. U.S. 63, 643–655 (1964)Google Scholar
  9. Duggan, W. P.: Reactions of the bay scallop Argopecten irradians, to gradual reductions in salinity. Chesapeake Sci. 16, 284–286 (1975)Google Scholar
  10. Gruffydd, Ll. D.: The development of the larvae of Chlamys islandica in the plankton and its salinity tolerance in the laboratory (Lamellibranchia, Pectinidae). Astarte 1976 (8), 61–67 (1976)Google Scholar
  11. Kinne, O.: The effects of temperature and salinity on marine and brackish water animals. II. Salinity and temperature-salinity combinations. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. A. Rev. 2, 281–339 (1964)Google Scholar
  12. Kinne, O.: Salinity: animals-invertebrates. In: Marine ecology, Vol. I. Environmental factors, Pt. 2. pp 821–995. Ed. by O. Kinne. London. Wiley-Interscience 1971Google Scholar
  13. Kirk, R. G.: Marine fish and shellfish culture in the member states of the European Economic Community. Aquaculture, Amsterdam 16, 95–122 (1979)Google Scholar
  14. Lough, R. G. and J. J. Gonor: A response-surface approach to the combined effects of temperature and salinity on the larval development of Adula californiensis (Pelecypoda: Mytilidae). I. Survival and growth of three and fifteen-day old larvae. Mar. Biol. 22, 241–250 (1973)Google Scholar
  15. Moore, J. D. and E. R. Trueman: Swimming of the scallop, Chlamys opercularis (L.). J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 6, 179–185 (1971)Google Scholar
  16. Nelson, D. A., A. Calabrese and J. R. MacInnes: Mercury stress on juvenile bay scallops, Argopecten irradians, under various salinity-temperature regimes. Mar. Biol. 43, 293–297 (1977)Google Scholar
  17. Roberts, D.: Some sub-lethal effects of pesticides on the behaviour and physiology of bivalved molluscs, 127 pp. Ph.D. thesis, University of Liverpool 1973Google Scholar
  18. Van Winkle, W., S. V. Feng and H. H. Haskin: Effect of temperature and salinity on extension of siphons by Mercenaria mercenaria. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 33, 1540–1546 (1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Paul
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine BiologyUniversity of LiverpoolPort ErinIsle of Man, UK

Personalised recommendations