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Marine Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 69–78 | Cite as

Nutritional effect of five species of marine algae on the growth, development, and survival of the brine shrimp Artemia salina

  • L. V. Sick
Article

Abstract

Five species of unicellular algae of the same age, cultured bacteria-free under standard growth conditions, were analyzed for chemical composition and fed to different size classes of Artemia salina. The green algae Chlamydomonas sphagnicolo, Dunaliella viridis, Platymonas elliptica and Chlorella conductrix had significantly higher percentages of protein and lipid than did the diatom Nitzschia closterium. Total ash value was highest in populations of N. closterium. Shrimp fed Chlamydomonas sphagnicolo cells assimilated highest percentages of organic matter, while those fed Chlorella conductrix had lowest assimilation rate. Respiration rates were inversely proportional to animal size (weight) and algal cell volume. Growth, survival, rate of sexual maturtion, and sex ratio were dependent on the growth and assimilation efficiencies obtained from each respective algal food. Shrimp fed Chlamydomonas sphagnicolo, D. viridis, or P. elliptica cells displayed highest growth and assimilation efficiencies.

Keywords

Assimilation Chlorella Algal Cell Chlamydomonas Marine Alga 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. V. Sick
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Skidaway Institute of OceanographySavannahUSA
  2. 2.College of Marine StudiesUniversity of DelawareLewesUSA

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