Marine Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 9–11 | Cite as

The role of predation in ecosystem models

  • J. H. Steele


Ecosystem models must convert a naturally open system into a theoretically closed one. For phytoplankton-herbivore models the form for the parameterization of predation on the herbivores can have a significant effect on the remainder of the model.


Open System Ecosystem Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Literature Cited

  1. Holling, C.S.: The functional response of predators to prey density and its role in mimicry and population regulation. Mem. ent. Soc. Can. 45, 5–60 (1965)Google Scholar
  2. Landry, M.S.: The structure of marine ecosystems: an alternative. Mar. Biol. 35, 1–7 (1976)Google Scholar
  3. Steele, J.H.: The structure of marine ecosystems, 128 pp. Cambridge: Harvard University Press 1974aGoogle Scholar
  4. —: Stability of plankton ecosystems. In: Ecological stability, pp 179–191. Ed. M.B. Usher and M.H. Williamson. London: Chapman & Hall 1974bGoogle Scholar
  5. Steele, J.H. and M.M. Mullin: Zooplankton dynamics. In: The sea, Vol. VI. Ed. by E.D. Goldberg. New York, London: Wiley Interscience. (In press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. H. Steele
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine LaboratoryAberdeenScotland

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