Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 120, Issue 1, pp 115–121 | Cite as

Responses of hemolymph osmolality and tissue water of Penaeus chinensis Osbeck juveniles subjected to sudden change in salinity

  • J.-C. Chen
  • J.-L. Lin
Article
  • 61 Downloads

Abstract

Hemolymph osmolality and tissue water of laboratory-reared Penaeus chinensis Osbeck juveniles (0.83 to 1.86 g) were investigated, after they had been transferred individually from 10, 20, 30 and 40 ppt to 10, 20, 30 and 40 ppt for 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 5 and 10 d, respectively. Hemolymph osmolality and tissue water of shrimp were stablilized within 5 d after they had been subjected to a sudden change in salinity from each salinity level. Hemolymph osmolality had a positively linear relationship with medium osmolality. Tissue water decreased with increased medium osmolality, and decreased with increased hemolymph osmolality. The mean (SD) isosmotic point was 703 (8) mOsm kg−1 which is equivalent to 24.2 (1.0) ppt. P. chinensis juveniles exhibited hyperosmotic regulation in salinities below isosmotic value, and hypoosmotic regulation in those above. The shrimp originally adapted to high salinity levels (30 and 40 ppt) showed less fluctuation of tissue water than those adapted to low salinity levels (10 and 20 ppt) when they were subjected to a sudden change in salinity.

Keywords

Linear Relationship High Salinity Sudden Change Salinity Level Tissue Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bayne BL (1973) Physiological changes in Mytilus eduis L. induced by temperature and nutritive stress. J mar biol Ass UK 53: 39–58Google Scholar
  2. Bishop JM, Gosselink JM, Stone JH (1980) Oxygen consumption and hemolymph osmolality of brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus. Fish Bull US 78: 741–757Google Scholar
  3. Cameron JN, Batterton CV (1978) Antennal gland function in the freshwater blue crab Callinectes sapidus: water, electrolyte acid-base and ammonia excretion. J comp Physiol 123: 143–148Google Scholar
  4. Castille FL Jr, Lawrence AL (1981) The effect of salinity on the osmotic, sodium, and chloride concentrations in the hemolymph of euryhaline shrimp of the genus Penaeus. Comp Biochem Physiol 68A: 75–80Google Scholar
  5. Cawthorne D, Beard T, Davenport J, Wickins JF (1983) Responses of juvenile Penaeus monodon Fabricius to natural and artificial seawaters of low salinity. Aquaculture, Amsterdam 32: 165–174Google Scholar
  6. Charmantier-Daures M, Thuet P, Charmantier G, Trilles J-P (1988) Tolerance a la salinite et osmoregulation chez les post-larves de Penaeus japonicus et P. chinensis effet de la temperature. Aquat Liv Resour 1: 267–276Google Scholar
  7. Chen JC, Lin CY (1992) Oxygen consumption and ammonia-N excretion of Penaeus chinensis juveniles exposed to ambient ammonia at different salinity levels. Comp Biochem Physiol 102C: 287–291Google Scholar
  8. Dall W (1981) Osmoregulatory ability and juvenile habitat preference in some penaeid prawns. J exp mar Biol Ecol 54: 55–64Google Scholar
  9. Dalla Via GJ (1986) Salinity response of the juvenile penaeid shrimp Penaeus japonicus. II. Free amino acids. Aquaculture, Amsterdam 55:307–316Google Scholar
  10. Duncan DB (1955) Multiple-range and multiple F test. Biometrics 11: 1–42Google Scholar
  11. Ferraris RP, Parado-Estepa FD, Ladja JM, De Jesus EG (1986) Effect of salinity on the osmotic, chloride, total protein and calcium concentrations in the hemolymph of prawn Penaeus monodon (Fabricius). Comp Biochem Physiol 83A: 701–708Google Scholar
  12. Haberfield EC, Haas L, Hamman CS (1975) Early ammonia release by a polychaete Nereis virens and a crab Carcinus maenas in diluted seawater. Comp Biochem Physiol 52A: 501–503Google Scholar
  13. Howe N, Quast W, Cooper L (1982) Lethal and sublethal effects of a simulated salt brine effluent on adults and subadults of the shrimps Penaeus setiferus and P. aztecus. Mar Biol 68: 37–47Google Scholar
  14. Liu RY (1983) Shrimp mariculture studies in China. In: Rogers GL, Day R, Lim A (eds). Proceedings of the First International Conference on Warm Water Aquaculture-Crustacea. Brigham Young University, Hawaii Campus, Laie, Hawaii, pp 82–87Google Scholar
  15. Liu R, Zhong Z (1986) Penaeid shrimps of the South China Sea. Agriculture Publishing House. Beijing, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  16. Main KL, Fulks W (1990) The culture of cold-tolerant shrimp: proceedings of an Asian-U.S. workshop on shrimp culture. The Oeanic Institute, Honolulu, HawaiiGoogle Scholar
  17. Mantel LH, Farmer LL (1983) Osmotic and ionic regulation. In: Mantel LH (ed) The biology of Crustacea, Vol. 5. Internal anatomy and physiological regulation. Academic Press, New York, pp 54–161Google Scholar
  18. Neufeld GJ, Holliday CW, Pritchard JB (1980) Salinity adaptation of gill Na, K-ATPase in the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. J exp Zool 211: 215–224Google Scholar
  19. Parada-Estepa F, Ferraris RP, Ladja JM, De Jesus FG (1987) Response of intermolt Penaeus indicus to large fluctuations in environmental salinity. Aquaculture, Amsterdam 64: 175–184Google Scholar
  20. SAS (1988) SAS/STAT user's guide 6.03 edition, SAS Institution Inc., Cary, South CarolinaGoogle Scholar
  21. Steel RGD, Torrie JH (1980) Principles and procedures of statistics. McGraw-Hill Inc., New York, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. Tzeng BS, Li CD, Ting YY, Lin MN (1990) Breeding of the fleshy prawn, Penaeus orientalis Kishnouye. Bull Taiwan Fish Res Inst 49: 183–188Google Scholar
  23. Yu HP, Chan TY (1986) The illustrated penaeoid prawns of Taiwan. Southern Materials Center, Inc., Taipei, TaiwanGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.-C. Chen
    • 1
  • J.-L. Lin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AquacultureNational Taiwan Ocean UniversityKeelungTaiwan, Republic of China

Personalised recommendations