Marine Biology

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 303–311 | Cite as

Fertilization and early developmental stages of eggs of Clupea harengus pallasi n. maris-albi under fresh-water conditions

  • L. A. Galkina


Eggs of the White Sea herring Clupea harengus pallasiVal. are laid in the intertidal zone, where they are liable to come under the influence of fresh water. The present paper deals with the effect of fresh-water influence on the egg of the White Sea herring, under experimental conditions. In fresh water, egg and sperm are in an unactivated state and, after transfer into sea water, are capable of re-activation, even after 212/ h exposure. The treated eggs develop until the hatching of normal and viable larvae. The number of eggs which are able to complete development depends upon the period of freshwater exposure, although the correlation between the length of that period and survival rates is not very close. Apparently, this is due both to the ability of C. harengus pallasi eggs to develop parthenogenetically and different qualities of eggs (which were obtained from different females). The morphological features of White Sea herring eggs, induced by experimental fresh-water influence, are very similar to those typical for herring eggs of the genus Ilisha, obtained from natural brackish waters. However, such changes are not characteristic of the eggs of forms from natural fresh and brackish-waters.


Survival Rate Developmental Stage Morphological Feature Fresh Water Brackish Water 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Galkina
    • 1
  1. 1.Murmansk Marine Biological Institute of the Academy of Sciences USSRDalnie ZelenziUSSR

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