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Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 203–215 | Cite as

Who signs China's one-child certificate, and why?

  • Junsen Zhang
  • Byron G. Spencer
Article

Abstract

China's policy of one child per family was put in place in 1979 to control population growth in the world's most populous nation. Who complies with the policy, and why? What guidance does economic theory provide? Using microdata available from the 1985 Chinese In-Depth Fertility Survey, a multinomial logit model of family choice with respect to policy compliance is estimated. The results indicate that even after area of residence is taken into account, woman's education, husband's occupation, marriage duration, presence of a son, family structure, and house size significantly influence compliance, while age, child mortality experience, husband's education and woman's occupation apparently do not. The effects of income and wealth remain open questions. Possible explanations are provided.

Keywords

Population Growth Populous Nation Economic Theory Family Structure Child Mortality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junsen Zhang
    • 1
  • Byron G. Spencer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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