Diel vertical migration (DVM) and diel feeding rhythm of two cladocerans, Daphnia longispina and Bosmina coregoni were investigated at the pelagic area of Lake Toya (Hokkaido, Japan) in May, August and October 1992. Both species performed ‘nocturnal’ DVM. The amplitude of DVM, however, became smaller from May to October. Such seasonal variations in DVM could not be explained by light penetration and/or water temperature. The two species had a clear feeding rhythm; they fed at night in May and October but also after sunrise in August. These feeding rhythms appeared to be related to the light-dark cycle, but were not necessarily associated with their DVM. We suggest that the diel feeding rhythm and DVM are regulated independently by light cues.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Aschoff, J. E., 1966. Circadian activity pattern with two peaks. Ecology 47: 657–662.
Chisholm, S. W., R. G. Stross & P. A. Nobbs, 1975. Environmental and intrinsic control of filtering and feeding rates in arctic Daphnia. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 32: 219–226.
Chow-Fraser, P. & R. Knoechel, 1985. Factors regulating in situ filtering rates of cladocera. Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 42: 567–576.
Dagg, M. J., B. W. Frost & W. E. Walser, Jr., 1989. Copepod diel migration, feeding, and the vertical flux of pheopigments. Limnol. Oceanogr. 34: 1062–1071.
Dam, H. G. & W. T. Peterson, 1988. The effect of temperature on the gut clearance rate constant of planktonic copepods. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 123: 1–14.
Dam, H. G. & W. T. Peterson, 1993. Seasonal contrasts in the diel vertical distribution, feeding behavior, and grazing impact of the copepod Temora longicornis in Long Island Sound. J. mar. Res. 51: 561–594.
Dawidowicz, P. & C. J. Loose, 1992. Metabolic costs during predator-induced diel vertical migration of Daphnia. Limnol. Oceanogr. 37: 1589–1595.
Dini, M. L., J. O'Donnell, S. R. Carpenter, M. M. Elser, J. J. Elser & A. M. Bergquist, 1987. Daphnia size structure, vertical migration, and phosphorus redistribution. Hydrobiologia 150: 185–191.
Duval, W. S. & G. H. Geen, 1976. Diel feeding and respiration rhythms in zooplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr. 21: 823–829.
Frost, B. W. & S. M. Bollens, 1992. Variability of diel vertical migration in the marine planktonic copepod Pseudocalanus newmani in relation to its predators. Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 49: 1137–1141.
Gauld, D. T., 1953. Diurnal variations in the grazing of planktonic copepods. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 31: 461–474.
Geller, W., 1986. Diurnal vertical migration of zooplankton in a temperate great lake (L. Constance): A starvation avoidance mechanism? Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 74: 1–60.
George, D. G., 1983. Interrelations between the vertical distribution of Daphnia and chlorophyll a in two large limnetic enclosures. J. Plankton Res. 5: 457–475.
Haney, J. F. & D. J. Hall, 1973. Sugar-coated Daphnia: A preservation technique for Cladocera. Limnol. Oceanogr. 18: 331–333.
Haney, J. F. & D. J. Hall, 1975. Diel vertical migration and filter-feeding activities of Daphnia. Arch. Hydrobiol. 75: 413–441.
Hart, R. C., 1977. Feeding rhythmicity in a migratory copepod (Pseudodiaptomus hessei (Mrázek)). Freshwat. Biol. 7: 1–8.
Head, E. J. H., L. R. Harris & C. Abou Debs, 1985. Effect of daylength and food concentration on in situ diurnal feeding rhythms in arctic copepods. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 24: 281–288.
Hokkaido Research Institute for Environmental Pollution, 1990. Hokkaido no Kosho (Lakes & Marshes in Hokkaido). Hokkaido Research Institute for Environment Pollution, Sapporo, 444 pp. (In Japanese).
Hutchinson, G. E., 1967. A treatise on limnology, 2. Introduction to lake biology and the limnoplankton. J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 1115 pp.
Kerfoot, W. C., 1985. Adaptive value of vertical migration: Comments on the predation hypothesis and some alternatives. Contrib. mar. Sci. Suppl. 27: 91–113.
Knoechel, R. & L. B. Holtby, 1986. Construction and validation of a body-length-based model for the prediction of cladoceran community filtering rates. Limnol. Oceanogr. 31: 1–16.
Lampert, W., 1993. Ultimate causes of diel vertical migration of zooplankton: New evidence for the predator-avoidance hypothesis. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 39: 79–88.
Larrson, P. & S. Dodson, 1993. Chemical communication in planktonic animals. Arch. Hydrobiol. 129: 129–155.
Mizuno, T. & E. Takahashi, 1991. An illustrated guide to freshwater zooplankton in Japan. Tokai University press, Tokyo, 532 pp. (In Japanese).
Mourelatos, S., C. Rougier & R. Pourriot, 1989. Diel patterns of zooplankton grazing in a shallow lake. J. Plankton Res. 11: 1021–1035.
Motoda, S., 1950. Hokkaido kosho-shi. Sci. Rep. Hokkaido Fish Hatchery. 5: 1–96. (In Japanese)
Okamoto, K., 1984. Diurnal changing patterns of the in situ size-selective feeding activities of Daphnia longispina hyalina and Eodiaptomus japonicus in a pelagic area of Lake Biwa. Mem. Fac. Sci. Kyoto Univ., Ser. Biol. 9: 107–132.
Persson, G., 1985. Community grazing and the regulation of in situ clearance and feeding rates of planktonic crustaceans in lakes in the Kuokkel area, northern Sweden. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 70: 197–238.
Ringelberg, J., 1964. The positively phototactic reaction of Daphnia magna Straus: A contribution to the understanding of diurnal migration. Neth. J. Sea Res. 2: 319–406.
Ringelberg, J., B. J. G. Flik, D. Lindenaar & K. Royackers, 1991a. Diel vertical migration of Daphnia hyalina (sensu latiori) in Lake Maarsseveen: Part 1. Aspects of seasonal and daily timing. Arch. Hydrobiol. 121: 129–145.
Ringelberg, J., B. J. G. Flik, D. Lindenaar & K. Royackers, 1991b. Diel vertical migration of Eudiaptomus gracilis during a short summer period. Hydrobiol. Bull. 25: 77–84.
Rodriguez, V., F. Echevarria & B. Bautista, 1991. In situ diel variation in gut pigment contents of Ceriodaphnia sp. in stratification and destratification periods. J. Plankton Res. 13: 187–196.
Sakai, S., 1996. Revision of taxonomy and distribution of subgenus Daphnia in Hokkaido. M.S. Thesis, Hokkaido Univ., Jap., 35 pp. (in Japanese)
Starkweather, P. L., 1975. Diel patterns of grazing in Daphnia pulex Leydig. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 19: 2851–2857.
Starkweather, P. L., 1983. Daily patterns of feeding behavior in Daphnia and related microcrustacea: implications for cladoceran autecology and the zooplankton community. Hydrobiologia 100: 203–221.
Stearns, D. E., 1986. Copepod grazing behavior in simulated natural light and its relation to nocturnal feeding. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 30: 65–76.
Stich, H. B., 1989. Seasonal changes of diel vertical migrations of crustacean plankton in Lake Constance. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 83: 355–405.
Stich, H. B. & W. Lampert, 1981. Predator evasion as an explanation of diurnal vertical migration by zooplankton. Nature 293: 396–398.
Stich, H. B. & W. Lampert, 1984. Growth and reproduction of migrating and non-migrating Daphnia species under simulated food and temperature conditions of diurnal vertical migration. Oecologia 61: 192–196.
Uéno, M., 1972. Daphnia of Hokkaido and their habitat-lakes. Konan Women's Coll. Res. 8: 65–102.
Wetzel, R. G. & G. E. Likens, 1991. Limnological analyses. Springer-Verlag, New York, 391 pp.
Williamson, C. E., R. W. Sanders, R. E. Moeller & P. L. Stutzman, 1996. Utilization of subsurface food resources for zooplankton reproduction: Implications for diel vertical migration theory. Limnol. Oceanogr. 41: 224–233.
Zaret, T. M., 1980. Predation and Freshwater Communities. Yale University Press, New Haven, 187 pp.
About this article
Cite this article
Makino, W., Haruna, H. & Ban, S. Diel vertical migration and feeding rhythm of Daphnia longispina and Bosmina corexoni in Lake Toya, Hokkaido, Japan. Hydrobiologia 337, 133–143 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00028514
- Diel vertical migration
- feeding rhythm
- Daphnia longispina
- Bosmina coregoni
- Lake Toya