Advertisement

Tropical Ecology

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 252–260 | Cite as

Interactive effects of soil moisture and temperature on soil respiration under native and non-native tree species in semi-arid forest of Delhi, India

  • Shikha Prasad
  • Ratul BaishyaEmail author
Research Article
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

We assessed the impacts of native and non-native tree species and seasonal variation on in situ soil respiration rates for four seasons. A portable infrared carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer (Q-Box SR1LP) was used for in situ measurements. Seven tree species were selected, out of which three are native to Delhi ridge, viz., Vachellia leucophloea, Ficus religiosa and Millettia pinnata and four are non-native, viz., Albizia lebbeck, Prosopis juliflora, Azadirachta indica and Cassia fistula. Our results showed a significant seasonal variation and effect of native and non-native tree species on soil respiration. Soil respiration was high during monsoon and low in winter. The highest annual soil respiration was observed under the canopy of F. religiosa (18.72 µmol CO2 m−2 s−1 year−1) and lowest under A. indica (4.58 µmol CO2 m−2 s−1 year−1). The tree species showed the pattern: F. religiosa > A. lebbeck > P. juliflora > V. leucophloea > M. pinnata > C. fistula > A. indica. Soil respiration showed a positive correlation with soil moisture and temperature (P < 0.05) showing an interplay of both in controlling soil respiration. Our findings also highlighted the effect of litter quality and quantity on soil respiration as low C/N ratio and positive correlation of litter quantity with soil respiration enhanced its rate under F. religiosa. The maximum soil respiration under the canopy of native species than non-native ones suggests their importance in the vital ecosystem functions, and thus, in managing the forest ecosystem of Delhi.

Keywords

C/N ratio Delhi ridge Ecosystem function In situ soil respiration Litter quality Native and non-native species Semi-arid forest 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are thankful to Late Marshal Vinod Rawat for cooperating with us and providing necessary permission and logistics in the conduct of this study. We are also grateful to the laboratory staff of Department of Botany (DU), Forest Department, Govt. of Delhi and their staff for enormous help and support throughout this research.

Funding

We acknowledge the financial support received in the form of UGC-NON-NET fellowship and grants from R&D Scheme of University of Delhi.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Adachi M, Ishida A, Bunyavejchewin S, Okuda T, Koizumi H (2009) Spatial and temporal variation in soil respiration in a seasonally dry tropical forest, Thailand. J Trop Ecol 25:531–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aerts R (1997) Nitrogen partitioning between resorption and decomposition pathways: a trade-off between nitrogen use efficiency and litter decomposability? Oikos 80:603–606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Akburak S, Makineci E (2013) Temporal changes of soil respiration under different tree species. Environ Monit Assess 185:3349–3358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Allen SE, Grimshaw HM, Parkinson JA, Quarmby C (1974) Analysis of soils. In: Allen SE (ed) Chemical analysis of ecological materials. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, pp 21–22Google Scholar
  5. Arora P, Chaudhary S (2017) Dependency of rate of soil respiration on soil parameters and climatic factors in different tree plantations at Kurukshetra, India. Trop Ecol 58:573–581Google Scholar
  6. Bae K, Lee DK, Fahey TJ, Woo SY, Quaye AK, Lee YK (2013) Seasonal variation of soil respiration rates in a secondary forest and agroforestry systems. Agrofor Syst 87:131–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bargali SS, Shukla K, Singh L, Ghosh L, Lakhera ML (2015) Leaf litter decomposition and nutrient dynamics in four tree species of dry deciduous forest. Trop Ecol 56:191–200Google Scholar
  8. Bond-Lamberty B, Thomson A (2010) A global database of soil respiration data. Biogeosciences 7:1915–1926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brant JB, Myrold DD, Sulzman EW (2006) Root controls on soil microbial community structure in forest soils. Oecologica 148:650–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brechet L, Ponton S, Roy J, Freycon V, Couteaux M-M, Bonal D, Epron D (2009) Do tree species characteristics influence soil respiration in tropical forests? A test based on 16 tree species planted in monospecific plots. Plant Soil 319:235–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Brundu G, Richardson DM (2016) Planted forests and invasive alien trees in Europe: a code for managing existing and future plantings to mitigate the risk of negative impacts from invasions. Neobiota 30:5–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carey JC, Tang J, Templer PH, Kroeger KD, Crowther TW, Burton AJ, Tietema A (2016) Temperature response of soil respiration largely unaltered with experimental warming. PNAS 113:13797–13802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Carlyle JC, Than UB (1988) Abiotic controls of soil respiration beneath an 18-year-old Pinus radiata stand in South-Eastern Australia. J Ecol 76:654–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Castro-Diez P, Fierro-Brunnenmeister N, Gonzalez-Munoz N, Gallardo A (2012) Effects of exotic and native tree leaf litter on soil properties of two contrasting sites in the Iberian Peninsula. Plant Soil 350:179–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Castro-Diez P, Vaz AS, Silva JS, Van Loo M, Alonso A, Aponte C, Julian K (2019) Global effects of non-native tree species on multiple ecosystem services. Biol Rev 94:1477–1501Google Scholar
  16. Catovsky S, Bazzaz FA (2002) Feedbacks between canopy composition and seedling regeneration in mixed conifer broad-leaved forests. Oikos 98:403–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Champion HG, Seth SK (1968) A revised survey of the forest types of India Govt. India Publication, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  18. Chung H, Zak DR, Reich PB, Ellsworth DS (2007) Plant species richness, elevated CO2, and atmospheric nitrogen deposition alter soil microbial community composition and function. Glob Change Biol 13:980–989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Deng Q, Cheng X, Zhou G, Liu J, Liu S, Zhang Q, Zhang D (2013) Seasonal responses of soil respiration to elevated CO2 and N addition in young sub-tropical forest ecosystems in southern China. Ecol Eng 61:65–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dickie IA, Bennett BM, Burrows LE, Nunez MA, Peltzer DA et al (2014) Conflicting values: ecosystem services and invasive tree management. Biol Invasions 16:705–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ehrenfield JG (2003) Effects of exotic plant invasions on soil nutrient cycling processes. Ecosystems 6:503–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Feng J, Wang J, Ding L, Yao P, Qiao M, Yao S (2017) Meta-analyses of the effects of major global change drivers on soil respiration across China. Atmos Environ 150:81–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Follstad Shah JJ, Harner MJ, Tibbets TM (2010) Elaeagnus angustifolia elevates soil inorganic nitrogen pools in riparian ecosystems. Ecosystems 13:46–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gonzalez-Polo M, Austin AT (2009) Spatial heterogeneity provides organic matter refuges for soil microbial activity in the Patagonian steppe, Argentina. Soil Biol Biochem 41:1348–1351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hadas A, Kautsky L, Goek M, Kara EE (2004) Rates of decomposition of plant residues and available nitrogen in soil, related to residue composition through simulation of carbon and nitrogen turnover. Soil Biol Biochem 36:255–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hanson PJ, Edwards NT, Garten CT, Andrews JA (2000) Separating root and soil microbial contributions to soil respiration: a review of methods and observations. Biogeochemistry 48:115–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hashimoto S, Carvalhais N, Ito A, Migliavacca M, Nishina K, Reichstein M (2015) Global spatiotemporal distribution of soil respiration modeled using a global database. Biogeosci Discuss 12:4331–4364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hattenschwiler S, Tiunov AV, Scheu S (2005) Biodiversity and litter decomposition in terrestrial ecosystem. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 36:191–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hattenschwiler S, Aeschlimann B, Couteaux M-M, Roy J, Bonal D (2008) High variation in foliage and leaf litter chemistry among 45 tree species of a neotropical rainforest community. New Phytol 179:165–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hernandez DL, Hobbie SE (2010) The effects of substrate composition, quantity, and diversity on microbial activity. Plant Soil 335:397–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Huang G, Li Y, Su YG (2015) Effects of increasing precipitation on soil microbial community composition and soil respiration in a temperate desert, Northwestern China. Soil Biol Biochem 83:52–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Huxman TE, Snyder KA, Tissue D, Leffler AJ, Ogle K, Pockman WT, Sandquist DR, Potts DL, Schwinnin S (2004) Precipitation pulses and carbon fluxes in semiarid and arid ecosystems. Oecologia 141:254–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. IPCC (2014) Climate Change 2014: synthesis report. https://epic.awi.de/id/eprint/37530/1/IPCC_AR5_SYR_Final.pdf. Accessed 10 Apr 2019
  34. Jha P, Mohapatra KP (2011) Soil respiration under different forest species in the riparian buffer of the semi-arid region of northwest India. Curr Sci 100:1412–1420Google Scholar
  35. Kutsch WL, Persson T, Schrumpf M, Moyano FE, Mund M, Andersson S, Schulze E-D (2010) Heterotrophic soil respiration and soil carbon dynamics in the deciduous Hainich forest obtained by three approaches. Biogeochemistry 100:167–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lal R (2004) Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. Geoderma 123:1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Li G, Kim S, Han SH, Chang H, Son Y (2017) Effect of soil moisture on the response of soil respiration to open-field experimental warming and precipitation manipulation. Forests 8:1–10Google Scholar
  38. Liu Y, Liu S, Miao R, Liu Y, Wong D, Zhao C (2019) Seasonal variations in the response of soil CO2 efflux to precipitate pulse under mild drought in a temperate oak (Quercus variabilis) forest. Agric For Meteorol 271:240–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Maheshwari JK (1963) The flora of Delhi, 1st edn. Council of Scientific and Educational Research, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  40. Makhnykina AV, Polosukhina DA, Koshurnikova NN, Verkhovets SV, Prokushkin AS (2018) Influence of precipitation on CO2 soil emission in pine forests of the Central Siberia boreal zone. In: IOP conference series: earth and environmental science.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/211/1/012043
  41. Nguyen TT, Marschner P (2016) Soil respiration, microbial biomass and nutrient availability in soil after repeated addition of low and high C/N plant residues. Biol Fertil Soils 52:165–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pandey CB, Sharma DK, Bargali SS (2006) Decomposition and nitrogen release from Leucaena leucocephala in central India. Trop Ecol 47:149–151Google Scholar
  43. Prescott CE (2002) The influence of the forest canopy on nutrient cycling. Tree Physiol 22:1193–1200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Raich JW, Nadelhoffer KJ (1989) Belowground carbon allocation in forest ecosystems: global trends. Ecology 70:1346–1354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Raich JW, Schlesinger WH (1992) The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate. Tellus 44:81–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Raich JW, Tufekcioglu A (2000) Vegetation and soil respiration: correlation and controls. Biogeochemistry 48:71–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Raich JW, Potter C, Bhagawati D (2002) Interannual variability in global soil respiration. Glob Change Biol 8:800–812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rey A, Pegoraro E, Oyonarte C, Were A, Escribano P, Raimundo J (2011) Impact of land degradation on soil respiration in a steppe (Stipa tenacissima L.) semi-arid ecosystem in the SE of Spain. Soil Biol Biochem 43:393–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ryan MG, Law BE (2005) Interpreting, measuring and modelling soil respiration. Biogeochemistry 73:3–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Schimel J, Balser TC, Wallenstein M (2007) Microbial stress-response physiology and its implications for ecosystem function. Ecology 88:1386–1394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Shabaga JA, Basiliko N, Caspersen JP, Jones TA (2015) Seasonal controls on patterns of soil respiration and temperature sensitivity in a northern mixed deciduous forest following partial-harvesting. For Ecol Manag 348:208–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Shacklteon RT, Le maitre DC, Pasiecznik NM, Richardson DM (2014) Prosopis: a global assessment of the biogeography, benefits, impacts and management of one of the world’s worst woody invasive plant taxa. AoB Plants 6:plu027.  https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plu027 Google Scholar
  53. Shi WY, Zhang J-G, Yan M-J, Yamanka N, Du S (2012) Seasonal and diurnal dynamics of soil respiration fluxes in two typical forests on the semiarid Loess Plateau of China: temperature sensitivities of autotrophs and heterotrophs and analyses of integrated driving factors. Soil Biol Biochem 52:99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Singh R, Singh H, Singh S, Afreen T, Upadhyay S et al (2017) Riparian land uses affect the dry season soil CO2 efflux under dry tropical ecosystems. Ecol Eng 100:291–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Spehn EM, Joshi J, Schmid B, Alphei J, Korner C (2000) Plant diversity effects on soil heterotrophic activity in experimental grassland ecosystems. Plant Soil 224:217–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Sun Q, Wang R, Hu Y, Yao L, Guo S (2018) Spatial variations of soil respiration and temperature sensitivity along a steep slope of the semiarid Loess Plateau. PLoS One 13:1–18Google Scholar
  57. Trumbore SE, Czimczik CI (2008) An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science 21:1455–1456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Valverde-Barrantes OJ (2007) Relationships among litterfall, fine-root growth, and soil respiration for five tropical tree species. Can J For Res 37:1954–1965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Vitousek PM, Walker LR (1989) Biological invasion by Myrica faya in Hawaii: plant demography, nutrient fixation, ecosystem effects. Ecol Monogr 59:247–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Wang C, Yang J, Zhang Q (2006) Soil respiration in six temperate forests in China. Glob Change Biol 12:2103–2114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Xu X, Han L, Wang Y, Inubushi K (2007) Influence of vegetation types and soil properties on microbial biomass carbon and metabolic quotients in temperate volcanic and tropical forest soils. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 53:430–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Yang YS, Chen GS, Guo JF, Xie JS, Wang XG (2007) Soil respiration and carbon balance in a subtropical native forest and two managed plantations. Plant Ecol 193:71–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Ying L, Shei-jie H, Lu L (2009) Seasonal changes of soil respiration in Betula platyphylla forest in Changbai Mountain, China. J For Res 20:367–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Zhang Y, Guo S, Liu Q, Jiang J, Wang R, Li N (2015) Responses of soil respiration to land use conversions in degraded ecosystem of the semi-arid Loess Plateau. Ecol Eng 74:196–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Society for Tropical Ecology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations