Response of trade-offs and synergies between ecosystem services and land use change in the Karst area
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Taking the typical Karst area of Guizhou Province (southwest China) as an example, this paper analyzes the response of trade-offs and synergies between ecosystem services (ESs) and land use change (LUC). The results of this study showed synergistic relationships between water yield (WY) and soil retention (SR), between WY and carbon storage (CS), and between SR and CS. A trade-off relationship could be found between WY and crop production (CP), and between SR and CP, between CS and CP under the influence of LUC from 1995 to 2005. A trade-off relationship was found in the other ESs from 2005 to 2015 in addition to a synergistic relationship between WY and SR, and between CS and CP under the impact of LUC. Obviously, spatial differences in trade-offs and synergies have been found between ESs resulting from LUC from 1995 to 2005 and from 2005 to 2015.
KeywordsEcosystem services Land use change Spatial pattern Synergies Trade-offs
This work was supported by the Guizhou Education Department Project (nos. 217, 262), Academic Cultivation and Exploration Innovation Project of Guizhou Institute of Technology (no. 5789-23), the Humanity and Social Science Youth foundation of the Ministry of Education (18YJCZH042), The Joint Fund of Guizhou Science and Technology Department and Guizhou institute of Technology (no. 7106), the Scientific Research Foundation of the Guizhou Institute of Technology and project supported by Karst Dynamics Laboratory, MNR and GZAR (no. KDL201801).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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