Measurement and Correction of Interface Shear Stiffness between Slab and Base for Concrete Pavement

  • Yancong ZhangEmail author
  • Lingling Gao
Article in Press


Interface parameters could affect the adhesion and durability performance of cement concrete pavements. In order to improve the pavement performance, the interface shear stiffness between the slab and the base of concrete pavement were investigated accurately. A horizontal shear tester was developed which could simulate the vertical pressure. The bond-slip curve of the specimens that the interface treated by three different measures was determined, such as emulsified asphalt, geotextile and asphalt concrete. Then, the correction of interface vertical pressure was made for average shear stiffness based on simple iterative method, and the equivalent shear stiffness of three types of specimens was recommended. The results showed that the specimen treated by emulsified asphalt required the maximum shear force, and asphalt concrete was minimum during the static friction stage. The contact states between slab and base are significantly correlated with the interface treatments. So, the interface treatments selection needed to find a balance between flexural tensile stress and thermal stress of the slab. In the sliding friction stage, the shear resistances of three types of interface treatment methods were significantly weakened and the average shear stiffness declined dramatically. It is very different for interface shear stiffness when the pavement structure in different using stages. The interface parameter must consistent with the using state of the pavement during the analysis process of the pavement structure.


Concrete pavement Interface shear stiffness Bond-slip curve Interface treatments Simple iterative method 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This research was supported by National natural science foundation of China (No. 51808329), Natural science foundation of Shanxi province (No. 201701D221147), Shanxi province communications department science and technology project (No 2017-1-17), and Shanxi Province Scientific and Technological Achievements Transformation project (No. 201604D132036).


  1. [1]
    V. Sawant, Dynamic analysis of rigid pavement with vehicle-pavement interaction, Inter. J. Pavement Eng. 10 (1) (2009) 63–72. Scholar
  2. [2]
    S. A. P. Rosyidi, C. P. Abbiss, K. A. M. Nayan, Study of the relationship between stiffness parameters for base materials, Proc. Institution Civ. Eng.: Transp. 165 (3) (2012) 159–165. Scholar
  3. [3]
    L. N. Mohammad, Z. Wu, A. Raqib, Investigation of the behavior of asphalt tack interface layer. FHWA/LA.04/394. Federal Highway Administration, Washington DC, USA, 2005.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    W. Song, X. Shu, B. Huang, M. Woods, Factors affecting shear strength between open-graded friction course and underlying layer, Constr. Buil. Mater. 101 (2015) 527–535. Scholar
  5. [5]
    W. Song, X. Shu, B. Huang, M. Woods, Laboratory investigation of interlayer shear fatigue performance between open-graded friction course and underlying layer, Constr. Buil. Mater. 115 (2016) 381–389. Scholar
  6. [6]
    C. Guan, Z. Wang, D. Guo, A study of contact conditions of interlaminars in pavement layers, Chin. J. Highway Transp. 1 (1989) 70–80. Scholar
  7. [7]
    S. Cho, K. Lee, K.C. Mahboub, J. Jeon, Y. R. Kim, Evaluation of fatigue cracking performance in a debonded asphalt pavement, Inter. J. Pavement Res. Technol. 12 (4) (2019): 388–395. Scholar
  8. [8]
    M. E. Woods, Laboratory Evaluation of Tensile and Shear Strengths of Asphalt Tack Coats, (Phd Thesis), Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS, USA, 2004.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    A. C. Collop, N. H. Thom, C. Sangiorgi, Assessment of bond condition using the leutner shear test, Proc. Institution of Civ. Eng.: Transp. 156 (4) (2003) 211–217. Scholar
  10. [10]
    A. C. Collop, M. Sutanto, G. Airey, and R. Elliott, Shear bond strength between asphalt layers for laboratory prepared samples and field cores, Constr. Buil. Mater. 23 (2009) 2251–2258. Scholar
  11. [11]
    R. C. West, J. N. Zhang, J. Moor, Evaluation of Bond Strength between Pavement Layers. NCAT Report 05-08. National Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn, AL, USA, 2005.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    F. Canestrari, G. Ferrotti, M. Partl, and E. Santagata, Advanced testing and characterization of interlayer shear resistance, Transp. Res. Rec. 1929 (2005) 69–78. Scholar
  13. [13]
    L. Mohammad, M. Raqib, and B. Huang, Influence of asphalt tack coat materials on interface shear strength, Transp. Res. Rec. 1789 (2002) 56–65. Scholar
  14. [14]
    A. Zofka, M. Maliszewski, A. Bernier, R. Josen, A. Vaitkus, R. Kleiziene, Advanced shear tester for evaluation of asphalt concrete under constant normal stiffness conditions, Road Mater. Pavement Des. 16 (Sup1) (2015) 187–210. Scholar
  15. [15]
    C. Raab, A. A. El Halim, M. N. Partl, Interlayer bond testing using a model material, Constr. Buil. Mater. 26 (2012) 190–199. Scholar
  16. [16]
    W. Song, X. Shu, B. Huang and M. Woods, Effects of Asphalt Mixture Type on Asphalt Pavement Interlayer Shear Properties, J. Transp. Eng. Part B: Pavements 144 (2) (2018).
  17. [17]
    L. Tashman, K. Nam, A. Papagiannakis, Evaluation of the influence of tack coat construction factors on the bond strength between pavement layers. No. WA-RD 645.1. Washington State Department of Transportation, Olympia, WA, USA, 2006.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    J. Kwon, M. Kim, and E. Tutumluer, Interface Modeling for Mechanistic Analysis of Geogrid Reinforced Flexible Pavements, Geotech. Special Publ., Austin, Texas, USA, (2005) 1–15. Scholar
  19. [19]
    W. Deng, J. ZHANG, D. Liu, Study of calculation and experiment for shear stiffness of angle steel connector, Modern Transp. Technol. 1 (2016) 35–38+44. Scholar
  20. [20]
    S. Li, B. Tian, K. Niu, Characteristics of base friction for concrete pavement structure in China, Transp. Res. Rec. 2367 (2013) 107–112. Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press Limited Company 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of HighwayChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Key lab of highway construction & maintenance technology in loess regionShanxi Transportation Technology R&D Co., Ltd.Taiyuan, ShanxiChina
  3. 3.Department of Engineering ManagementShanxi conservancy technical instituteTaiyuan, ShanxiChina

Personalised recommendations