Advertisement

Influence of Rest Period on the Fatigue Response of Bituminous Mixture at Low Temperature

  • Pugazhenthi Ayyar
  • S. Lakshmi
  • A. Padmarekha
  • J. Murali KrishnanEmail author
Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

Laboratory fatigue characterization of bituminous mixtures is carried out typically by conducting a beam bending test at a given frequency and temperature for various strain/stress levels. In the current fatigue test methods, the material is tested at 20°C with continuous loading, and the fatigue life is estimated based on the stiffness modulus and energy dissipation. Very little data exist on the influence of low temperature (0°C), and tests with a rest period.

In this study, the fatigue life of the bituminous mixture is estimated at 20 and 0°C, and the influence of the rest period is quantified. For this purpose, a typical bituminous mixture used in Indian highways was fabricated. Experiments were conducted at 0 and 20°C with and without a rest period in strain-controlled mode (600 and 800 microstrains) in a four-point beam bending test setup. For tests with a rest period, a 0.9 s rest period was provided after 0.1 s loading. The evolution of stiffness modulus as per AASHTO T321 [1] and normalized modulus by ASTM D7460 [2] was used in fatigue life estimation. Also, the evolution of energy dissipation during testing was analyzed to characterize the response of material (elastic/viscoelastic) and the beneficial effect of the rest period, if any. The influence of the rest period was more pronounced when tested at 20°C in comparison to testing at 0°C.

Keywords

Four-point beam bending test Low temperature Rest period Stiffness modulus Energy dissipation Fatigue life 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors thank Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India (Grand number: DST/TSG/STS/2011/46) for funding and M/s IPC Global, Australia for the technical support provided during the research work.

References

  1. [1]
    American Association of State Highways and Transportation Officials, Determining the fatigue life of compacted hot mix asphalt (HMA) subjected to repeated flexural bending. AASHTO T321. Washington DC, USA, 2007.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    American Society for Testing and Materials Standards, Standard test method for determining fatigue failure of compacted asphalt concrete subjected to repeated flexural bending. ASTM D7460. West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 2010.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    S. Bhattacharjee, R. B. Mallick, Effect of temperature on fatigue performance of hot mix asphalt tested under model mobile load simulator, Inter. J. Pave. Eng. 13 (2) (2012) 166–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    F. M. Navarro, M. C. Rubio Gamez, A Review of fatigue damage in bituminous mixtures: Understanding the phenomenon from a new perspective, Constr. Buil. Mater. 113 (2016) 927–938.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    M. A. Gul, M. Irfan, S. Ahmed, Y. Ali, S. Khanzada, Modelling and Characterising the fatigue behavior of asphalt concrete mixtures, Constr. Buil. Mater. 184 (2018) 723–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    H. Di Benedetto, Q. T. Nguyen, C. Sauzéat, Non-linearity, heating, fatigue and thixotropy during cyclic loading of asphalt mixtures, Road Mater. Pave. Des. 12 (1) (2011) 129–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    R. Lundstrom, H. Di Benedetto, U. Isacsson, Influence of asphalt mixture stiffness on fatigue failure, J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 16 (6) (2004) 516–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    J. A. Deacon, J. S. Coplantz, A. A. Tayebali, C. L. Monismith, Temperature considerations in asphalt-aggregate mixture analysis and design, Transp. Res. Rec. 1454 (1994) 97–112.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    H. Asadi, C. Leek, H. Nikraz, Effect of temperature on fatigue life of asphalt mixture, In AAPA International Flexible Pavements Conference, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 2013.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    F. P. Bonnaure, A. H. J. J. Huibers, A. A. Boonders, A laboratory investigation of the influence of rest periods on the fatigue characteristics of bituminous mixes, Proc. Assoc. Asphalt Paving Technol. 51 (1982) 104–128.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    T. W. Hsu, K. H. Tseng, Effect of rest periods on fatigue response of asphalt concrete mixtures, J. Transp. Eng. 122 (4) (1996) 316–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    J. Groenendijk, C. Vogelzang, A. Miradi, A. Molenaar, L. Dohmen, Linear tracking performance tests on full-depth asphalt pavement, Transp. Res. Rec. 1570 (1997) 39–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    P. Baburamani, Asphalt fatigue life prediction models: a literature review. No. ARR 334. ARRB, Transport Research Ltd, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1999.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    G. Rowe, M. Bouldin, Improved techniques to evaluate the fatigue resistance of asphalt mixtures, 2nd Eurasphalt and Eurobitume Congress, Barcelona, Spain, 2000, pp. 754–763.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    S. Shen, S. H. Carpenter, Application of the dissipated energy concept in fatigue endurance limit testing, Transp. Res. Rec. 1929 (2005) 165–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    S. H. Carpenter, S. Shen, Dissipated energy approach to study hot-mix asphalt healing in fatigue, Transp. Res. Rec. 1970 (2006) 178–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    C. Maggiore, J. Grenfell, G. Airey, A. C. Collop, Evaluation of fatigue life using dissipated energy methods, in: Proc. 7th RILEM Inter. Conf. Cracking Pave., Delft, The Netherland, 2012, pp. 643–652.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    R. Varma, S. P. A. Narayan, J. M. Krishnan, Quantification of Viscous and Fatigue Dissipation of Asphalt Concrete in Four-Point Bending Tests, J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 31 (12) (2019) 04019285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    G. Al-Khateeb, A. Shenoy, A distinctive fatigue failure criterion, J. Assoc. Asphalt Paving Technol. 73 (2004) 585–622.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Bureau of Indian Standards, Paving bitumen — specification. 4th revision. IS 73. New Delhi, India, 2013.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    MoRTH, Specification for roads and bridge work. Indian Roads Congress, 5th revision, New Delhi, India, 2001.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    American Association of State Highways and Transportation Officials, Standard practice for mixture conditioning of hot mix asphalt (HMA). AASHTO R30-2. Washington DC, USA, 2006.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    R. Varma, J. M. Krishnan, H. U. Bahia, On the use of normalized modulus for estimation of fatigue life of asphalt mixtures, Proc. 4th Chinese-European Workshop Funct. Pave. Des., CEW 2016, CRC Press, Delft, The Netherlands, 2016, pp. 625–634.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society of Pavement Engineering. Production and hosting by Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pugazhenthi Ayyar
    • 1
  • S. Lakshmi
    • 2
  • A. Padmarekha
    • 3
  • J. Murali Krishnan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Anna UniversityChennaiIndia
  3. 3.SRM Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations