Advertisement

Effect of calcium and chloride based stabilizer on plastic properties of fine grained soil

  • Amit KumarEmail author
  • D. K. Soni
Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

In soil mechanics, water is an important constituent of soil. Hence, presence of water may alter the properties of soils significantly. Geotechnical properties of fine-grained soils are very close related to consistency limits. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of calcium and chloride based stabilizers i.e. eggshell powder (ESP) and sodium chloride (NaCl) on plastic properties of randomly distributed polypropylene fiber (PPF) reinforced fine grained soil. A statistical method namely, The Taguchi technique was applied to produce trial conditions for experiments and optimization. A series of consistency limits tests was conducted on parent and treated soil in laboratory. ESP (3%-9%), NaCl (2%-6%) and PPF (0.05%-0.15%) by total dry weight of solid mixture were taken for the preparation of specimens and air entraining admixture (AEA) was also used in the experiments. Series A (W+0% AEA), Series B (W+0.05% AEA) and Series C (W+0.15% AEA) were used as the mixture liquid. Experimental results showed that the most effective material to decrease the plasticity index of the samples were PPF, ESP and NaCl for series A, series B and series C respectively. The values of plasticity index for series A, series B and series C in optimized conditions were found 1%, 3% and 1% respectively.

Keywords

Eggshell powder Polypropylene fiber Sodium chloride Taguchi technique Optimization Plasticity indices 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors wish to express their gratitude and deep appreciation to the faculty of Geeta Institute of Management and Technology, Haryana, India for their assistance and guidance during experiments. This research is financially supported by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi (Acknowledgement No. 141099/2K17/1).

References

  1. [1]
    A.S. Zaimoglu, O. Tan, R.K. Akbulut, Optimization of consistency limits and plasticity index of fine-grained soils modified with polypropylene fibers and additive materials, KSCE J. Civ. Eng. 20 (2) (2016) 662–669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    B.C. Punmia, A.K. Jain, A.K. Jain, Soil Mechanics and Foundations, Laxmi publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi, India, 2005.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    K.R. Arora, Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Standard publishers and distributors, Delhi, India, 2015.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    R. Jauberthie, F. Rendell, D. Rangeard, L. Molez, Stabilisation of estuarine silt with lime and/or cement, Appl. Clay Sci. 50 (3) (2010) 395–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    U. Chaduvula, A.K. Desai, C.H. Solanki, Application of triangular polypropylene fibres on soil subjected to freeze-thaw cycles. Indian Geotech. J. 44 (3) (2014) 351–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    A.S. Zaimoglu, Optimization of unconfined compressive strength of fine-grained soils modified with polypropylene fibers and additive materials, KSCE J. Civ. Eng. 19 (3) (2015) 578–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    A. Kumar, A. Jain, Effect of randomly oriented polypropylene fibre on unconfined compressive strength of black cotton soil. TC-IFES 2015. Central Leather Research Institute (CSIR), New Delhi, India, 2015.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    A. Kumar, A. Jain, Effect of randomly oriented polypropylene fibre on compressibility characteristics of black cotton soil, Inter. J. Adv. Technol. Eng. Sci. 5 (2) (2017) 501–511.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    A. Seco, L. Miqueleiz, E. Prietoa, S. Marcelino, B. García, P. Urmeneta, Sulfate soils stabilization with magnesium-based binders. Appl. Clay Sci. 135 (2017): 457–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Anjaneyappa, M.S. Amarnath, Studies on soils treated with nontraditional stabilizer for pavements, Indian Geotech. J. 41 (3) (2011) 162–167.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    O.O. Amu, A.B. Fajobi, B.O. Oke, Effect of eggshell powder on the stabilizing potential of lime on an expansive clay soil, J. Appl. Sci. 5 (8) (2005) 1474–1478.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    M. Kumar, V.S. Tamilarasan, Effect of eggshell powder in the index and engineering properties of soil, Int. J. Eng. Trends. Technol. 11 (7) (2014) 319–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    B. Soundara, P. Vilasini, Effect of egg shell powder on the properties of clay, 50th Indian Geotech. Conf., Pune, Maharashtra, India, 2015.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    E.K. Siby, K. Betsypaul, Improvement of lateritic clay using eggshell powder & marble dust and its comparison with lime stabilized clay, Inter. J. Sci. Eng. Res. (IJSER) 4 (3) (2016) 8–10.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    A. Barazesh, H. Saba, M. Gharib, M.Y. Rad, Laboratory investigation of the effect of eggshell powder on plasticity index in clay and expansive soil, European J. Exp. Biol. 2 (6) (2012) 2378–2384Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    H. Jafer, W. Atherton, M. Sadique, F. Ruddock, E. Loffill, Stabilisation of soft soil using binary blending of high calcium fly ash and palm oil fuel ash, Appl. Clay Sci. 152: (2018) 323–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    S.A. Naeini, M.A. Jahanfar, Effect of salt solution and plasticity index on undrain shear strength of clays, World Academy Sci., Eng. Technol., Inter. J. Mater. Metal. Eng. 5 (1) (2011) 92–96Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    M.V. Vakili, A. Chegenizadeh, H. Nikraz, M. Keramatikerman, Investigation on shear strength of stabilised clay using cement, sodium silicate and slag, Appl. Clay Sci. 124 (2016) 243–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    R. Zentar, N.E. Abriak, V. Dubois, Effects of salts and organic matter on Atterberg limits of dredged marine sediments, Appl. Clay Sci. 42 (3–4) (2009) 391–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    A.K. Bhoi, L.W. Momin, A.K. Hajong, Alternation of silty clay soil parameter by using chloride compounds, Inter. J. Conceptions Mech. Civ. Eng. 1 (1) (2013) 34–37.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    B.N. Kumar, J. Smitha, K.V. Uday, Effect of salinity on geotechnical properties of expansive soils, Inter. J. Innov. Res. Sci. Eng. Technol. 4 (7) (2015) 6008–6015.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Y. Yukselen-Aksoy, A. Kaya, A.H. Ören, Seawater effect on consistency limits and compressibility characteristics of Clays, Eng. Geol. 102 (1–2) (2008) 54–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    G.R. Otoko, The effect of salt water on the physical properties, compaction characteristics and unconfined compressive strength of a clay, clayey sand and base course, European Inter. J. Sci.Technol. 3 (2) (2014) 9–16.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    P.J. Vardanega, C.L. Hickey, K. Lau, H.D.L. Sarzier, C.M. Couturier, G. Martin, Investigation of the Atterberg limits and undrained fall-cone shear strength variation with water content of some peat soils, Inter. J. Pave. Res. Technol. 12 (2) (2019) 131–138.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    F. Okonta, Pavement geotechnical properties of polymer modified weathered semi-arid shale subgrade, Inter. J. Pave. Res. Technol. 12 (1) (2019) 54–63.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    K. Onyelowe, C. Igboayaka, F. Orji, H. Ugwuanyi, D.B. Van, Triaxial and density behaviour of quarry dust based geopolymer cement treated expansive soil with crushed waste glasses for pavement foundation purposes, Inter. J. Pave. Res. Technol. 12 (1) (2019) 78–87.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    N.T. Haghi, L. Hashemian, A. Bayat, Seasonal Response and Damage Evaluation of Pavements Comprised of Insulation Layers, Inter. J. Pave. Res. Technol. 12 (2) (2019) 170–177.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    S.S. Kar, M.N. Nagabhushana, P.K. Jain, Performance of hot bituminous mixes admixed with blended synthetic fibers, Inter. J. Pave. Res. Technol. 12 (4) (2019) 370–379.Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    Indian Standards, Classification and identification of soils for general engineering purposes. IS:1498. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, 1970.Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Indian Standards, Determination of water content. IS:2720 (Part II). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, 1973.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    Indian Standards, Determination of specific gravity. IS:2720 (Part-III, Section-1). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, 1980.Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    Indian Standards, Determination of liquid limit and plastic limits. IS:2720 (Part V). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, 1970.Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    Indian Standards, Determination of liquid limit and plastic limit. IS:2720 (Part V). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, 1985.Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    Indian Standards, Determination of water content-dry density relation using light compaction. IS:2720 (Part VII). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, 1983.Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    Indian Standards, Determination of water content-dry density relation using heavy compaction. IS:2720 (Part VIII). Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, 1983.Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    A. Francis, P. Yalley, K. Arkoh, Improving compressed laterite bricks using powdered eggshells, Inter. J. Eng. Sci. 5(4) (2016) 65–70.Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    J. P. Ross, Taguchi techniques for quality engineering. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988.Google Scholar
  38. [38]
    M.S. Phadke, Quality engineering using robust design. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1989.Google Scholar
  39. [39]
    R.K. Roy, Design of experiments using the taguchi approach, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2001.Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    Z. Rahman, F. Talib, A study of optimization of process by using Taguchi’s parameter design approach, ICFAI Univer. J. Operations Manage. 7 (3) (2008) 6–17.Google Scholar
  41. [41]
    H. Singh, Taguchi optimization of process parameters: A Review & case study, Inter. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Studies 1 (3) (2012) 39–41Google Scholar
  42. [42]
    B.S. Yu, Y.Y. Liu, Improvement in phase purity and yield of hydrothermally synthesized smectite using Taguchi method, Appl. Clay Sci. 161 (2018) 103–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society of Pavement Engineering. Production and hosting by Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyKurukshetraIndia

Personalised recommendations