Advertisement

Method for Determining Dissipation Factor of Capacitors Without Reference Capacitor at Voltages up to 1 kV

  • Jae Kap Jung
  • Kyu-Tae Kim
  • Kwon Sang Ryu
  • Ki Soo ChungEmail author
Original Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

Objectives and design

This paper describes a method to determine absolutely the dissipation factor (DF) of a capacitor connected with resistor in series that doesn’t depend on any reference capacitor with a known DF.

Materials and methods

The method was applied to calibrate the DFs for two capacitor-resistor boxes that had DF ranges of 1 × 10−5 to 1 × 10−2 (C-R connecting box A) and 5 × 10−6 to 5 × 10−3 (C-R connecting box B), together with uncertainty estimation. The principle of the absolute determination is based on “elimination” of the DF of a reference capacitor by subtracting DF readings from two successive measurements.

Results

This method was applied to the calibration of DF in the range 5 × 10−6 to 1 × 10−2 at voltages up to 1 kV. Results obtained using this method were confirmed by comparing them with DF obtained using different methods

Conclusions

The developed DF standard could be used to calibrate DF for commercial capacitors and DF methods.

Keywords

Capacitance bridge Measurement uncertainty Dissipation factor (DF) standard 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Development of Reliability Technology of Standard Measurement for Hydrogen Convergence Station funded by Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS—2018—GP2018-0014).

References

  1. 1.
    Awan SA, Callegaro L, Kibble BP (2004) Resonance frequency of four terminal-pair air-dielectric capacitance standards and closing the metrological impedance triangle. Meas Sci Technol 15:969–972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reshetenko T, Kulikovsky A (2017) Impedance spectroscopy study of the PEM fuel cell cathode with nonuniform nafion loading. J Electrochem Soc 164(11):3016–3021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang Y (2003) Frequency dependence of capacitance standards. Rev Sci Instrum 74:4212–4215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Younsi K, Neti P, Shah M, Zhou JY, Krahn J, Weeber K, Whitefield CD (2010) On-line capacitance and dissipation factor monitoring of AC stator insulation. IEEE Trans Dielect Elect Insul 17(5):1441–1452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ramm G, Moser H (2003) Calibration of electronic capacitance and dissipation factor bridges. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 52:396–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Simmon ED, Fitzpatrick GJ, Petersons O (1999) Calibration of dissipation factor standards. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 48:450–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Faisal A, Jung JK, So E (2011) A modified technique for calibration of current-comparator-based capacitance bridge and its verification. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 60:2642–2647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jung JK, Faisal A, Lee YS, Kim KT (2015) Fabrication of capacitor-resistor bank for calibrating commercial capacitance and tan δ measuring bridges. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 64:1564–1569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Guildline Instrument “Operating instruction of current comparator based high voltage capacitance bridge 9910 A” 2005Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    High Voltage Capacitance Bridge (2006) Operating Manual of MI 7010B Bridge and Tettex 2840Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Eklund G (2004) Frequency dependence of the dissipation factor of capacitors up to 10 kHz. In: 2004 conference on precision electromagnetic measurements digest, IEEE, pp 95–96.  https://doi.org/10.1109/CPEM.2004.305458
  12. 12.
    Shields JQ (1978) Absolute measurement of loss angle using a toroidal cross capacitor. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas IM-27:464–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    So E, Shields JQ (1979) Losses in electrode surface films in gas dielectric capacitors. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas IM-28:279–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ramm G, Moser H (2001) From the calculable AC resistor to capacitor dissipation factor determination on the basis of time constants. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 50:286–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ramm G, Moser H (2005) New multifrequency method for the determination of the dissipation factor of capacitors and of the time constant of resistors. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 54(2):521–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rodahl M, Kasemo B (1996) A simple setup to simultaneously measure the resonant frequency and the absolute dissipation factor of a quartz crystal microbalance. Rev Sci Instru 67(9):3238.  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1147494 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    BIPM (2008) Evaluation of measurement data-Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement. BIPM, JCGM. 100. https://www.bipm.org/utils/common/documents/jcgm/JCGM_100_2008_E.pdf. Accessed 23 Oct 2018
  18. 18.
    Bich W, Cox MG, Harris PM (2006) Evolution of the guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement. Metrologia 43(4):S161–S166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    METAS, 2007 Certificate of calibration of loss factor resistor box no 212-03320Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Inc Andeen-Hagerling (2003) AH 2700A 50 Hz–20 kHz ultra-precision capacitance bridge. Operating and Maintenance Manual, ClevelandGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Koffman A, Wang Y, Shields S (2007) Three-terminal precision standard capacitor calibrations at NIST. NIST measurment services, NIST Special Publication 250–76Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jae Kap Jung
    • 1
  • Kyu-Tae Kim
    • 2
  • Kwon Sang Ryu
    • 1
  • Ki Soo Chung
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Energy Materials MetrologyKorea Research Institute of Standards and ScienceDaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Center for Electromagnetic MetrologyKorea Research Institute of Standards and ScienceDaejeonKorea
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuKorea

Personalised recommendations