Heterologous secretory expression of β-glucosidase from Thermoascus aurantiacus in industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains
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The use of plant biomass for biofuel production will require efficient utilization of the sugars in lignocellulose, primarily cellobiose, because it is the major soluble by-product of cellulose and acts as a strong inhibitor, especially for cellobiohydrolase, which plays a key role in cellulose hydrolysis. Commonly used ethanologenic yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is unable to utilize cellobiose; accordingly, genetic engineering efforts have been made to transfer β-glucosidase genes enabling cellobiose utilization. Nonetheless, laboratory yeast strains have been employed for most of this research, and such strains may be difficult to use in industrial processes because of their generally weaker resistance to stressors and worse fermenting abilities. The purpose of this study was to engineer industrial yeast strains to ferment cellobiose after stable integration of tabgl1 gene that encodes a β-glucosidase from Thermoascus aurantiacus (TaBgl1). The recombinant S. cerevisiae strains obtained in this study secrete TaBgl1, which can hydrolyze cellobiose and produce ethanol. This study clearly indicates that the extent of glycosylation of secreted TaBgl1 depends from the yeast strains used and is greatly influenced by carbon sources (cellobiose or glucose). The recombinant yeast strains showed high osmotolerance and resistance to various concentrations of ethanol and furfural and to high temperatures. Therefore, these yeast strains are suitable for ethanol production processes with saccharified lignocellulose.
KeywordsThermoascus aurantiacus Saccharomyces cerevisiae β-Glucosidase Cellobiose Industrial strains Ethanol
This study was funded by the Science Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (grant no. AP05131569).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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