Improving Soil Simazine Dissipation Through an Organic Amendment Inoculated with Trametes versicolor
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The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of applying sewage sludge combined with wheat crop residue as an organic amendment on the dissipation rate of simazine spiked at 2 and 20 mg kg−1 in an Andisol soil from southern Chile. Changes in some soil enzymes related to soil quality were measured by spectrophotometry, simazine dissipation rates were measured by gas chromatography, and biomass production in the contaminated soil was evaluated. Results of this study indicated that application of the organic amendment inoculated with Trametes versicolor enabled a decrease in negative effects of the herbicide on soil enzymatic activities and a reduction in final concentrations of simazine (~ 80% at both doses). The simazine half-life time was reduced from 14 to 10 days and from 36 to 15 days for doses of 2 and 20 mg kg−1, respectively. These findings prove that the combined strategy of biostimulation and bioaugmentation using these residues can be effectively used to reduce residue pesticides in soils, mainly by increasing the microbiological activity, thus improving simazine dissipation in an Andisol soil.
KeywordsBiodegradation Bioremediation Pesticides Soil biochemical properties Simazine
This study was funded by “Fondo Nacional De Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico” [grant numbers 1170931 to C.A. and 3160699 to A.F.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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