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Leaching of Base Cations from Dairy Slurry Applied to an Agricultural Volcanic Ash Soil

  • Jaime G. CuevasEmail author
  • Madelaine Quiroz
  • José Dörner
Research Article

Abstract

Studies regarding leaching in soils have focused on the main nutrients and trace metals released. There is a lack of knowledge regarding base cations’ behavior when applied to volcanic-ash soils as dairy slurry. Our objective was to study the movement of elements through a limed pasture’s soil using the in situ technique of suction lysimeters, installed at 50-cm depths. Moreover, we used soil moisture sensors to track the movement of the soil solution up to the sampling depth. Calcium and magnesium water samples showed no significant differences in concentrations between the control and fertilized treatments, while sodium concentrations were clearly higher in the fertilized plots. Calcium and sodium exports were highest in the fertilized plots. We concluded that although lime application is recommended for mitigating aluminum toxicity and high phosphorus adsorption in acidic soils, in this case, it produced high Ca2+ losses that compounded those attributable to the fertigation of dairy slurry. It also induced Na+ losses in deeper soil zones when slurry was applied at doses higher than the pasture requirements and at inadequate seasons. Therefore, adequate management practices are needed to balance the beneficial effects of liming with dairy slurry applications.

Keywords

Andisol Ceramic cups Exchange complex Soil moisture sensors Vadose zone 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Santa Rosa Experimental Station’s staff for their help, especially the Administrators Rodrigo Barriga and Carlos Villagra. Additional acknowledgements go to Mr. Rodolfo Saldaña from INIA Remehue for many useful indications, and Prof. Dante Pinochet for helpful advice. The Garden Unit of the Universidad Austral de Chile also contributed with grass maintenance. Finally, we would also like to acknowledge the valuable comments made by two anonymous reviewers.

Funding

Funding was provided by the Fondecyt grant 1110156. INIA hosted the first author during the phase of data collection. Logistic support was provided by Mr. César Leiva and César Lemus.

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Copyright information

© Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaime G. Cuevas
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Madelaine Quiroz
    • 3
  • José Dörner
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA)La SerenaChile
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Suelos Volcánicos (CISVo)Universidad Austral de ChileValdiviaChile
  3. 3.Departamento de Gestión AgrariaUniversidad de Santiago de ChileSantiagoChile
  4. 4.Instituto de Ingeniería Agraria y SuelosUniversidad Austral de ChileValdiviaChile

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